ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000049.3(ASPA):c.604G>C (p.Ala202Pro) (rs147763700)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Genomics For Life RCV000577927 SCV000679684 likely pathogenic Spongy degeneration of central nervous system 2017-09-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Based on the ACMG Guidelines 2015, the ASPA c.604G>C; p.Ala202Pro variant was originally classified as a Variant of Unknown Significance. Segregation analysis indicates that the ASPA c.820G>A; p.Gly274Arg variant is carried by the proband's father and the ASPA c.604G>C; p.Ala202Pro variant by the proband's mother indicating the two variants occur in trans. Based on this segregation data and the ACMG Guidelines 2015, the ASPA c.604G>C; p.Ala202Pro variant is classified as a Likely Pathogenic (Class 4 in the IARC 5-Class system) variant (Located in a mutational hot spot and/or critical and well-established functional domain (e.g., active site of an enzyme) without benign variation; Absent from controls (or at extremely low frequency if recessive) in Exome Sequencing Project, 1000 Genomes Project, or Exome Aggregation Consortium; For recessive disorders, detected in trans with a pathogenic variant; Cosegregation with disease in multiple affected family members in a gene definitively known to cause the disease; Missense variant in a gene that has a low rate of benign missense variation and in which missense variants are a common mechanism of disease; Multiple lines of computational evidence support a deleterious effect on the gene or gene product; Patient's phenotype or family history is highly specific for a disease with a single genetic aetiology). The ASPA c.604G>C; p.Ala202Pro variant occurs within the N-terminal domain of the protein (Bitto, Bingman et al. 2007). Approximately 60% of known missense mutations of ASPA are located within the N-terminal domain (Bitto, Bingman et al. 2007). The ASPA c.604G>C; p.Ala202Pro variant substitutes a nonpolar hydrophobic amino acid Proline for a nonpolar hydrophobic amino acid Alanine. Proline (Pro) is unique among the 20 naturally occurring amino acid residues (Bajaj, Madhusudhan et al. 2007). Pro lacks an amide proton and the main chain amide N is incapable of forming H-bonds (hydrogen bonds) (Bajaj, Madhusudhan et al. 2007). Hence, substituting a residue involved in a main chain H-bond with Pro could destabilize the protein (Bajaj, Madhusudhan et al. 2007). The rigid pyrrolidine ring of Pro constrains the main chain dihedral angle Phi to a narrow range of values close to -65 degrees (Bajaj, Madhusudhan et al. 2007). It has also been observed that Pro restricts the conformation of the residue preceding it in a protein sequence (Bajaj, Madhusudhan et al. 2007).

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