ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000055.2(BCHE):c.428G>A (p.Gly143Asp) (rs201820739)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Counsyl RCV000371428 SCV000677962 likely pathogenic Deficiency of butyrylcholine esterase 2016-12-23 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000371428 SCV000442043 pathogenic Deficiency of butyrylcholine esterase 2018-01-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The BCHE c.428G>A (p.Gly143Asp) missense variant has been reported in at least six studies in which it is found in a total of 15 individuals with butyrylcholinesterase deficiency, including in one in a homozygous state, in 11 in a compound heterozygous state, and in three in a heterozygous state (Primo-Parmo et al. 1997; Gatke et al. 2001; Yen et al. 2003; Gatke et al. 2007; Levano et al. 2008). Control data are unavailable for this variant, which is reported at a frequency of 0.001183 in the Ashkenazi Jewish population of the Genome Aggregation Database. Gatke et al. (2001) reported that individuals with the p.Gly143Asp variant require up to eight hours to reach clinically sufficient neuromuscular function post-dosing of mivicurium, with active isomers present for up to 90 minutes as compared to healthy adults in which isomers were present for 1.5 to 2.3 minutes. The variant occurs in a highly conserved region of BCHE. Functional studies demonstrated that the p.Gly143Asp variant resulted in significantly reduced or absent BCHE activity and only 40% of wild type expression levels (Primo-Parmo et al. 1997; Gatke et al. 2001; Yen et al. 2003). Based on the evidence, the p.Gly143Asp variant is classified as pathogenic for butyrylcholinesterase deficiency, though many individuals who carry pathogenic BCHE variants do not develop clinical complications. This variant was observed by ICSL as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population.

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