ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000059.3(BRCA2):c.4558A>G (p.Thr1520Ala) (rs80358690)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Breast Cancer Information Core (BIC) (BRCA2) RCV000113320 SCV000146447 uncertain significance Breast-ovarian cancer, familial 2 2003-12-23 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing
GeneDx RCV000483594 SCV000572301 uncertain significance not provided 2016-11-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant is denoted BRCA2 c.4558A>G at the cDNA level, p.Thr1520Ala (T1520A) at the protein level, and results in the change of a Threonine to an Alanine (ACT>GCT). Using alternate nomenclature, this variant would be defined as BRCA2 4786A>G. This variant was reported in an apparently homozygous state in an individual with a personal and/or family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer; however, specific clinical details for this individual were not provided (Hernan 2012). BRCA2 Thr1520Ala was not observed in approximately 6,500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, suggesting it is not a common benign variant in these populations. Since Threonine and Alanine differ in polarity, charge, size or other properties, this is considered a non-conservative amino acid substitution. BRCA2 Thr1520Ala occurs at a position that is not conserved and is located within the BRC4 domain and the binding domain of POLH and RAD51 (Cole 2011, Buisson 2014). In silico analyses are inconsistent regarding the effect this variant may have on protein structure and function. Based on currently available evidence, it is unclear whether BRCA2 Thr1520Ala is a pathogenic or benign variant. We consider it to be a variant of uncertain significance.

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