ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000138.4(FBN1):c.3533A>G (p.Tyr1178Cys) (rs1555398515)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics, ARUP Laboratories RCV000756137 SCV000883858 likely pathogenic not provided 2018-04-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The FBN1 c.3533A>G; p.Tyr1178Cys variant is reported in the medical literature in at least one individual with familial classical Marfan syndrome (Stheneur 2009). The variant is also listed in three individuals in the FBN1 variant database (see link below). This variant is absent from general population databases (1000 Genomes Project, Exome Variant Server, and Genome Aggregation Database), indicating it is not a common polymorphism. This variant occurs in a cysteine residue in one of the calcium binding EGF-like domains of fibrillin-1 (Wu 1995). Each EGF-like domain contains six highly-conserved cysteines and the disulfide bridges formed between these residues are essential for protein folding; loss of one of these cysteines may interfere with proper disulfide bridge formation, disrupting protein structure. Accordingly, the revised Ghent nosology for Marfan syndrome lists missense variants of cysteine residues as one of the criteria for classification of a variant as pathogenic (Loeys 2010). Considering available information, this variant is classified as likely pathogenic. References: Link to FBN1 UMD database: Loeys et al. The revised Ghent nosology for the Marfan syndrome. J. Med. Genet. 2010 47(7): 476-85. Stheneur C et al. Identification of the minimal combination of clinical features in probands for efficient mutation detection in the FBN1 gene. Eur J Hum Genet. 2009 Sep;17(9):1121-8. Wu et al. Fibrillin domain folding and calcium binding: significance to Marfan syndrome. Chem. Biol. 1995 2(2):91-7.
Center for Medical Genetics Ghent,University of Ghent RCV000663648 SCV000786975 likely pathogenic Marfan syndrome 2017-11-07 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing

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