ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000152.5(GAA):c.1441del (p.Trp481fs)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Broad Institute Rare Disease Group,Broad Institute RCV001248927 SCV001422698 pathogenic Glycogen storage disease, type II 2020-01-22 no assertion criteria provided curation The p.Trp481GlyfsTer39 variant in GAA has been reported in one African American individual with glycogen storage disease (PMID: 10189220, 25488666), and has been identified in 0.006% (1/16204) of African chromosomes by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD, http://gnomad.broadinstitute.org; dbSNP rs1403500889). Although this variant has been seen in the general population, its frequency is low enough to be consistent with a recessive carrier frequency. In vitro functional studies provide some evidence that the p.Trp481GlyfsTer39 variant may result in null protein activity (PMID: 25488666, 2203258, 9614571). However, these types of assays may not accurately represent biological function. This variant is predicted to cause a frameshift, which alters the protein's amino acid sequence beginning at position 481 and leads to a premature termination codon 39 amino acids downstream. This alteration is then predicted to lead to a truncated or absent protein. Loss of function of the GAA gene is an established disease mechanism in autosomal recessive glycogen storage disease. The phenotype of an individual homozygous for this variant is highly specific for glycogen storage disease based on GAA enzyme activity in fibroblasts being <1% of wild type, consistent with disease (PMID: 2112341). Additionally, the presence of this variant in combination with reported pathogenic variant p.Trp746Ter (VariationID: 280063) and in an individual with glycogen storage disease has been reported (PMID: 25488666). In summary, this variant meets criteria to be classified as pathogenic for glycogen storage disease in an autosomal recessive manner based on its prediction to cause loss of function of the protein, the rarity of this variant in the general population, and the presence of the variant in a patient severely affected with glycogen storage disease. ACMG/AMP Criteria applied: PVS1, PM2, PP4 (Richards 2015).

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