ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000152.5(GAA):c.1538A>G (p.Asp513Gly)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Medical Genetics,Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University RCV000791250 SCV000925967 pathogenic Glycogen storage disease, type II 2019-07-10 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing This sequence change replaces glutamic acid with glycine at codon 513 of the GAA protein (p.D513G). This variant is absent at least 240 control alleles based on our in-house whole exome database. This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals with GAA-related disease. Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, Polyphen-2, PredictSNP2, CADD, DANN, FATHMM, and FunSeq2) all suggest that this variant is damaging/deleterious. The p.D513 residue has been reported to be important for posttranslational modification and intracellular transport of GAA precursor (Hermans et al. 1991). Our in vitro study demonstrated that p.D513G did not interfere with the synthesis of the precursor protein but disturbed protein processing and secretion. This variant displayed enzyme activity equivalent to negative control. Based on 3D structure available (PDB: 5NN8), the p.D513 residue is located at the N-terminus of the fourth beta-stand of the catalytic domain. The interactions of p. D513 which help to position the beta-strand and thus the catalytic acid/base, include salt bridge hydrogen bonds with p.H432 and p.R591 at the C-terminal ends of the second and fourth alpha-helices of the (beta/alpha)8 barrel. Therefore p.D513 has a crucial role in stabilizing the ((beta/alpha)8 structure that is responsible for holding the two catalytic residues and the substrate in the exact position for hydrolysis. Replacing the Aspartic residue with Glycine will result in the loss of this charged H-bonding network, which should significantly destabilize this structure. In summary, due to the available evidence, we interpret this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.

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