ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000155.4(GALT):c.394C>T (p.His132Tyr) (rs111033688)

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Total submissions: 3
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Counsyl RCV000022102 SCV000800661 uncertain significance Deficiency of UDPglucose-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase 2018-02-22 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics, ARUP Laboratories RCV000022102 SCV001158685 likely pathogenic Deficiency of UDPglucose-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase 2019-04-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The GALT c.394C>T; p.His132Tyr variant (rs367543256) is reported in the in individuals affected with galactosemia (Elsas 1998, Powell 2009). Functional analyses demonstrate reduced enzyme activity when in the compound heterozygous state with the Duarte allele (Powell 2009). This variant is reported in ClinVar (Variation ID: 37357), and is absent from general population databases (Exome Variant Server, Genome Aggregation Database), indicating it is not a common polymorphism. Additionally, another variant at this codon (c.396C>A; p.His132Gln) has been reported in individuals with galactosemia and is considered pathogenic (Narravula 2017, Tang 2012). The histidine at codon 132 is highly conserved, and computational analyses (SIFT, PolyPhen-2) predict that this variant is deleterious. Based on available information, this variant is considered to be likely pathogenic. References: Elsas LJ 2nd and Lai K. The molecular biology of galactosemia. Genet Med. 1998 Nov-Dec;1(1):40-8. Powell KK et al. Long-term speech and language developmental issues among children with Duarte galactosemia. Genet Med. 2009 Dec;11(12):874-9. Narravula A Variants of uncertain significance in newborn screening disorders: implications for large-scale genomic sequencing. Genet Med. 2017 Jan;19(1):77-82. Tang M et al. Correlation assessment among clinical phenotypes, expression analysis and molecular modeling of 14 novel variations in the human galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase gene. Hum Mutat. 2012 Jul;33(7):1107-15.
Research and Development, ARUP Laboratories RCV000022102 SCV000042778 pathogenic Deficiency of UDPglucose-hexose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase 2012-12-04 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing Converted during submission to Pathogenic.

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