ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000161.2(GCH1):c.343G>A (p.Asp115Asn) (rs1393095176)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Ambry Genetics RCV000624730 SCV000741546 likely pathogenic Inborn genetic diseases 2016-05-27 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Lines of evidence used in support of classification: LIKELY POSITIVE: Relevant Alteration(s) Detected
GeneDx RCV000519490 SCV000617683 uncertain significance not provided 2017-08-25 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The D115N (c.343 G>A) variant in the GCH1 gene has previously been reported in an individual with childhood onset primary torsion dystonia which was responsive to benzhexol therapy (Jarman et al., 1997). This variant was also detected in this individual's unaffected father and brother (Jarman et al., 1997). The D115N variant is not observed in large population cohorts (Lek et al., 2016; 1000 Genomes Consortium et al., 2015; Exome Variant Server). The D115N variant is a semi-conservative amino acid substitution, which may impact secondary protein structure as these residues differ in some properties. This substitution occurs at a position that is conserved across species, and in silico analysis predicts this variant is probably damaging to the protein structure/function. Additionally, several in-silico splice prediction models predict that c.343 G>A variant responsible for D115N damages the natural donor site of intron 1 and may lead to abnormal gene splicing. However, in the absence of RNA/functional studies, the actual effect of this sequence change in this individual is unknown. In summary, based on the currently available information, it is unclear whether this variant is a pathogenic variant or a rare benign variant.

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