ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000203.5(IDUA):c.246C>G (p.His82Gln) (rs148775298)

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Total submissions: 8
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
EGL Genetic Diagnostics,Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics RCV000078387 SCV000110233 other not provided 2018-05-25 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
PreventionGenetics,PreventionGenetics RCV000245681 SCV000302972 likely benign not specified criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Invitae RCV000208604 SCV000627149 other Mucopolysaccharidosis type I 2018-12-31 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
GeneDx RCV000245681 SCV000730496 likely benign not specified 2017-12-19 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant is considered likely benign or benign based on one or more of the following criteria: it is a conservative change, it occurs at a poorly conserved position in the protein, it is predicted to be benign by multiple in silico algorithms, and/or has population frequency not consistent with disease.
Counsyl RCV000664463 SCV000788427 other Hurler syndrome 2018-04-12 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Integrated Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America RCV000245681 SCV000919534 benign not specified 2017-12-20 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant summary: The IDUA c.246C>G (p.His82Gln) variant involves the alteration of a non-conserved nucleotide that is not located within a known functional domain (InterPro). 3/4 in silico tools predict a benign outcome for this variant (SNPsandGO not captured due to low reliability index). This variant was found in 766/261890 control chromosomes (gnomAD), including 2 homozygotes, at a frequency of 0.0029249, which is approximately equal to the estimated maximal expected allele frequency of a pathogenic IDUA variant (0.0026926). In addition, the frequency in the European (Non-Finnish) subpopulation, which includes the two homozygotes, is nearly 2 times higher than the estimated maximal allele frequency (0.00487), suggesting this variant may be a benign polymorphism. The variant has been identified in compound heterozygosity with other variants of possible pathogenicity in patients with an equivocal diagnosis of pseudodeficient MPS1, but patient clinical data and phase of the variants were not reported (Yogalingam_2004). In another published abstract, this variant was not found to segregate with disease in a MPS1 proband with 2 other causative mutation (Johnson_2007). The unaffected father and sister with severely reduced IDUA activity levels, were found to be obligate carriers who harbored this variant in compound heterozygosity with each of probands causative variants, thereby confirming the phase. The variant was found in the homozygous state via newborn screening where the enzyme activity level in a dried blood spot was borderline normal, suggesting the variant may be a pseudodeficiency allele (Scott_2013). A functional study in CHO cells suggests that while there is a reduction in enzyme activity using a fluorimetric substrate, the reduction would not be severe enough to be associated with a disease-causing mutation (Yogalingam_2004). Although the levels of enzyme activity when analyzed using a radiolabelled naturally derived disaccharide substrate were not reported in this study, all literature reports this variant as a pseudodeficiency allele. Another study showed a mild reduction in activity in leukocytes of a suspected MPS I patient with genotype c.246C>G/c.251G>C, but with normal urinary glycosaminoglycan (GAG) levels, suggesting the observed reduction in activity is not sufficient to impair GAG metabolism and cause disease (Bravo_2017). In addition, multiple clinical diagnostic laboratories/reputable databases have classified this variant as likely benign, benign, or as clinically benign but reported as a pseudodeficiency allele. Taken together, this variant is classified as Benign.
Mendelics RCV000664463 SCV001136675 likely benign Hurler syndrome 2019-05-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
GeneReviews RCV000208604 SCV000264373 benign Mucopolysaccharidosis type I 2016-02-11 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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