ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000229.2(LCAT):c.367C>T (p.Arg123Cys) (rs140068549)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000779196 SCV000915729 likely pathogenic Norum disease 2017-08-22 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The LCAT c.367C>T (p.Arg123Cys) missense variant has been reported in at least two studies in which it is found in two individuals with very low plasma HDL-C diagnosed with fish eye disease caused by partial lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency, including in one in a homozygous state and in the second individual in a compound heterozygous state in trans with a stop-gained variant (Blanco-Vaca et al. 1997; Savel et al. 2012). The p.Arg123Cys variant is also found in a heterozygous state in three family members of the homozygote, all of whom have low plasma HDL-C but no corneal opacity. The p.Arg123Cys variant was absent from one control and is reported at a frequency of 0.00012 in the European American population of the Exome Sequencing Project but this is based on one allele in a region of good sequence coverage so the variant is presumed to be rare. Expression in COS-6 cells revealed that the mass of p.Arg99Cys LCAT found in the media was 48% of the wild type LCAT and the percentage of specific activity present in p.Arg99Cys LCAT was approximately the same for both LDL and R-HDL substrates (6.8% and 6.9% of that of the wild type, respectively) (Blanco-Vaca et al. (1997). Based on the collective evidence, the p.Arg123Cys variant is classified as likely pathogenic for lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency. This variant was observed by ICSL as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population.

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