ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000249.3(MLH1):c.1652A>C (p.Asn551Thr) (rs63750271)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Ambry Genetics RCV001012577 SCV001173046 likely pathogenic Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2018-09-25 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The p.N551T variant (also known as c.1652A>C), located in coding exon 14 of the MLH1 gene, results from an A to C substitution at nucleotide position 1652. The asparagine at codon 551 is replaced by threonine, an amino acid with similar properties. This alteration was identified in a Swiss proband diagnosed with colorectal cancer as well as stomach cancer at age 46 whose family history met Amsterdam criteria for Lynch syndrome and tumor demonstrated high microsatellite instability (MSI-H) (Hutter P et al. Int. J. Cancer, 1998 Dec;78:680-4). This alteration was also identified in a Saudi Arabian proband with a MSI-H colorectal tumor who met Amsterdam criteria for Lynch syndrome (Siraj AK et al. Cancer, 2015 Jun;121:1762-71). In a large consanguineous Turkish family that met Amsterdam criteria for Lynch syndrome, this alteration segregated with disease in 5 individuals affected with colorectal cancer, two of whom were obligate carriers (Wang Q et al. Int. J. Cancer, 1997 Dec;73:831-6). In two in vitro mismatch repair (MMR) complementation assays, this variant demonstrated proficient MMR activity and interaction with PMS2 was intact in a co-immunoprecipitation study (Takahashi M et al. Cancer Res., 2007 May;67:4595-604; Kosinski J et al. Hum. Mutat., 2010 Aug;31:975-82; Hinrichsen I et al. Clin. Cancer Res., 2013 May;19:2432-41). However, in reversion assays performed in yeast, no dominant mutator effect was seen with this variant (Takahashi M et al. Cancer Res., 2007 May;67:4595-604). Also, although expression levels were variable, several studies report reduced relative expression in human cell lines by Western blotting for this variant (Takahashi M et al. Cancer Res., 2007 May;67:4595-604; Kosinski J et al. Hum. Mutat., 2010 Aug;31:975-82; Hinrichsen I et al. Clin. Cancer Res., 2013 May;19:2432-41). Furthermore, this variant did not demonstrate a deleterious effect on splicing by mini gene assay or by RT-PCR using patient RNA (Auclair J et al. Hum. Mutat., 2006 Feb;27:145-54; Tournier I et al. Hum. Mutat., 2008 Dec;29:1412-24). This variant was not reported in population-based cohorts in the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). This amino acid position is highly conserved in available vertebrate species. In addition, the in silico prediction for this alteration is inconclusive. In addition, this alteration is predicted to be deleterious by MAPP-MMR in silico analysis (Chao EC et al. Hum. Mutat. 2008 Jun;29:852-60). Based on the majority of available evidence to date, this variant is likely to be pathogenic.
Color Health, Inc RCV001012577 SCV001344558 uncertain significance Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2019-06-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing

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