ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000251.2(MSH2):c.1907C>T (p.Ala636Val) (rs63750279)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000524367 SCV000548306 uncertain significance Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer 2018-11-22 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces alanine with valine at codon 636 of the MSH2 protein (p.Ala636Val). The alanine residue is weakly conserved and there is a small physicochemical difference between alanine and valine. This variant is present in population databases (rs63750279, ExAC 0.001%). This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals with MSH2-related disease. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 90815). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, PolyPhen-2, Align-GVGD) all suggest that this variant is likely to be tolerated, but these predictions have not been confirmed by published functional studies and their clinical significance is uncertain. Algorithms developed to predict the effect of sequence changes on RNA splicing suggest that this variant may create or strengthen a splice site, but this prediction has not been confirmed by published transcriptional studies. A different missense substitution at this codon (p.Ala636Pro) has been determined to be pathogenic (PMID: 12454801, 21419771, 23990280, 19101824). This suggests that the alanine residue is critical for MSH2 protein function and that other missense substitutions at this position may also be pathogenic. In summary, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.
Color RCV000583770 SCV000690028 uncertain significance Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2018-08-04 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing

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