ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000251.3(MSH2):c.1730T>C (p.Ile577Thr) (rs63749910)

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Total submissions: 14
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
International Society for Gastrointestinal Hereditary Tumours (InSiGHT) RCV000076260 SCV000107280 likely benign Lynch syndrome 2013-09-05 reviewed by expert panel research Multifactorial likelihood analysis posterior probability 0.001-0.049
GeneDx RCV000212607 SCV000149417 likely benign not specified 2018-05-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant is considered likely benign or benign based on one or more of the following criteria: it is a conservative change, it occurs at a poorly conserved position in the protein, it is predicted to be benign by multiple in silico algorithms, and/or has population frequency not consistent with disease.
Ambry Genetics RCV000115508 SCV000186134 likely benign Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2018-09-20 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Other data supporting benign classification;Subpopulation frequency in support of benign classification
Invitae RCV000524356 SCV000254392 likely benign Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms 2020-12-04 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Laboratory for Molecular Medicine,Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine RCV000212607 SCV000539689 uncertain significance not specified 2017-01-25 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant identified in a genome or exome case(s) and assessed due to predicted null impact of the variant or pathogenic assertions in the literature or databases. Disclaimer: This variant has not undergone full assessment. The following are preliminary notes: Classified within the last year. This variant has been reported in 1 indidivual who did not have cancer, and 1 individual with CRC. The variant has a Max MAF of 0.02% in ExAC (14 alleles) and 0.03% in gnomAD (38 alleles). It is classified with 3 stars in ClinVar as Likely benign by an expert panel (InSiGHT) and Ambry, and VUS by GeneDx, Invitae, and Biesecker lab.
Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute San Juan Capistrano RCV000212607 SCV000601437 uncertain significance not specified 2017-02-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Women's Health and Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America, LabCorp RCV000212607 SCV000696225 benign not specified 2021-03-07 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant summary: MSH2 c.1730T>C (p.Ile577Thr) results in a non-conservative amino acid change located in the DNA mismatch repair protein MutS, core domain (IPR007696) of the encoded protein sequence. Five of five in-silico tools predict a damaging effect of the variant on protein function. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.00015 in 251570 control chromosomes, predominantly at a frequency of 0.00028 within the Non-Finnish European subpopulation in the gnomAD database. This frequency is not significantly higher than expected for a pathogenic variant in MSH2 causing Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (0.00015 vs 0.00057), allowing no conclusion about variant significance. c.1730T>C has been reported in the literature in individuals affected with colorectal cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (Spaepen_2006, Niessen_2006, Limburg_2011, Hampel_2006, South_2009, Hansford_2015) without strong evidence of causality. Many of these tumors show normal MSH2 expression by immunohistochemistry. In one patient absence of MLH1 (but normal expression of MSH2) protein was seen together with methylation of MLH1 promoter region suggestive of an alternative etiology and molecular basis of disease in this patient (Hampel_2006). These report(s) do not provide unequivocal conclusions about association of the variant with Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer/Lynch syndrome. At-least two co-occurrences with other pathogenic variant(s) have been reported in the literature and also observed at our laboratory ( MUTYH c.36+1G>A, Niessen_2006; BRCA1 c.3005delA , p.Asn1002fsX22 at our laboratory), providing supporting evidence for a benign role. A study that computed a tumor characteristic likelihood ratio (TCLR) in combination with in-silico predictors and multifactorial variant prediction (MVP) model including allele frequency, co-occurrence, co-segregation, clinical and family history information classified this variant a benign (Li_2020). To our knowledge, no experimental evidence demonstrating an impact on protein function has been reported. Nine clinical diagnostic laboratories have submitted clinical-significance assessments for this variant to ClinVar after 2014 without evidence for independent evaluation. Multiple laboratories reported the variant with conflicting assessments (likely benign/benign, n=4; VUS, n=5). Based on the evidence outlined above, the variant was classified as benign.
Mendelics RCV000076260 SCV000837837 uncertain significance Lynch syndrome 2018-07-02 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Color Health, Inc RCV000115508 SCV000910631 likely benign Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2014-12-04 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
CeGaT Praxis fuer Humangenetik Tuebingen RCV000034552 SCV001152279 likely benign not provided 2018-05-01 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000415673 SCV001299642 uncertain significance Lynch syndrome I 2019-05-16 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant was observed as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population. A literature search was performed for the gene, cDNA change, and amino acid change (where applicable). Publications were found based on this search. However, the evidence from the literature, in combination with allele frequency data from public databases where available, was not sufficient to rule this variant in or out of causing disease. Therefore, this variant is classified as a variant of unknown significance.
Biesecker Lab/Clinical Genomics Section,National Institutes of Health RCV000034552 SCV000043342 variant of unknown significance not provided 2012-07-13 no assertion criteria provided research Converted during submission to Uncertain significance.
Knight Diagnostic Laboratories, Oregon Health and Sciences University RCV000415673 SCV000493755 uncertain significance Lynch syndrome I 2016-03-30 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine,Sinai Health System RCV000034552 SCV001549565 uncertain significance not provided no assertion criteria provided clinical testing The MSH2 p.Ile577Thr variant was identified in 6 of 1950 proband chromosomes (frequency: 0.003) from individuals or families with endometrial, colorectal, and ovarian cancer (Hampel 2006, Limburg 2011, South 2009, Spaepen 2006, Walsh 2011), and was present in 1 of 1142 control chromosomes (frequency: 0.0009) from healthy individuals (Johnston 2012). The variant was also identified in dbSNP (ID: rs63749910) as “With Uncertain significance allele”, ClinVar (as likely benign, reviewed by expert panel and Ambry Genetics, and as uncertain significance by GeneDx, Invitae, Knight Diagnostics, Laboratory for Molecular Medicine, Quest Diagnostics, Integrated Genetics, and Biesecker Lab), Clinvitae (6x), UMD-LSDB (1x as uncertain significance), Insight Colon Cancer Gene Variant Database (5x as "class 2 likely not pathogenic"), and Mismatch Repair Genes Variant Database (1x). The variant was not identified in COGR, Cosmic, MutDB, or Zhejiang University Database. The variant was identified in control databases in 41 of 276890 chromosomes at a frequency of 0.0001 (Genome Aggregation Database Feb 27, 2017). The variant was observed in the following populations: African in 2 of 24008 chromosomes (freq: 0.00008), Other in 1 of 6458 chromosomes (freq: 0.0002), Latino in 1 of 34416 chromosomes (freq: 0.00003), and European (Non-Finnish) in 37 of 126452 chromosomes (freq: 0.0003); it was not observed in the Ashkenazi Jewish, East Asian, Finnish, and South Asian populations. One study reported the variant was found to co-occur with a pathogenic MUTYH variant: c.36+1G>A (Niessen 2006). The p.Ile577 residue is conserved in mammals but not in more distantly related organisms, and computational analyses (PolyPhen-2, SIFT, AlignGVGD, BLOSUM, MutationTaster) suggest that the variant may impact the protein; however, this information is not predictive enough to assume pathogenicity. The variant occurs outside of the splicing consensus sequence and in silico or computational prediction software programs (SpliceSiteFinder, MaxEntScan, NNSPLICE, GeneSplicer, HumanSpliceFinder) do not predict a difference in splicing. In summary, based on the above information the clinical significance of this variant cannot be determined with certainty at this time. This variant is classified as a variant of uncertain significance.

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