ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000257.4(MYH7):c.1208G>T (p.Arg403Leu) (rs121913624)

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Total submissions: 4
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000158679 SCV000208614 pathogenic not provided 2020-05-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Not observed in large population cohorts (Lek et al., 2016); In silico analysis supports that this missense variant has a deleterious effect on protein structure/function; This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 30847666, 31006259, 27532257, 15386449, 12707239, 18227814, 24566549, 7731997, 7848420, 8254035)
Invitae RCV001381369 SCV001579735 pathogenic Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 2020-09-11 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces arginine with leucine at codon 403 of the MYH7 protein (p.Arg403Leu). The arginine residue is highly conserved and there is a moderate physicochemical difference between arginine and leucine. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has been observed in individual(s) with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (PMID: 8254035, 27532257). It has also been observed to segregate with disease in related individuals. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 14101). This variant is found within a region of MYH7 between codons 181 and 937 that contains the majority of the myosin head domain. Missense variants in this region have been shown to be significantly overrepresented in individuals with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (PMID: 27532257). This variant disrupts the p.Arg403 amino acid residue in MYH7. Other variant(s) that disrupt this residue have been determined to be pathogenic (PMID: 10725281, 23751935, 18029407, 10882745). This suggests that this residue is clinically significant, and that variants that disrupt this residue are likely to be disease-causing. For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.
OMIM RCV000015157 SCV000035414 pathogenic Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 1 1993-12-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only
Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease, Stanford University RCV000158679 SCV000280296 likely pathogenic not provided 2015-06-16 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing Note this variant was found in clinical genetic testing performed by one or more labs who may also submit to ClinVar. Thus any internal case data may overlap with the internal case data of other labs. The interpretation reviewed below is that of the Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease. p.Arg403Leu (c.1208G>T) in MYH7 Based on the data reviewed below we consider this variant likely disease-associated. The variant has been seen in at least 3 unrelated cases of HCM with strong segregation data. The variant was first reported by Dausse et al (1993) in a large kindred in which linkage studies including 11 affected relatives pointed towards MYH7. Sequencing of MYH7 identified p.Arg403Leu and its presence was confirmed in 6 affected individuals. A subsequent publication that included some of the same authors reported an additional family that appears to be distinct from the initial report (Al-Mahdawi et al 1994). Three affected individuals and one obligate carrier carried p.Arg403Leu. Richard et al (2003) reported the variant in one individual with HCM. In silico analysis with PolyPhen-2 predicts the variant to be probably damaging. The arginine at codon 403 is conserved across species, as are neighboring amino acids. Other variants have been reported in association with disease at this codon (p.Arg403Gln and p.Arg403Trp, both very likely disease cuausing) and nearby codons (p.Arg404Leu, p.Arg404Met, p.Arg406Met, p.Arg407Val). Moolman et al (1993) noted that there is a CpG doublet at codon 403 which may likely makes it susceptible to mutation. In total the variant has not been seen in 5150 published controls and publicly available population datsets. There is no variation at codon 403 listed in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project dataset, which currently includes variant calls on ~5000 Caucasian and African American individuals (as of 1/14/2012). There is also no variation at this codon listed in 1000 genomes (as of 1/14/2012). p.Arg403Gln is not listed in dbSNP (as of 1/14/2012). The variant was not observed in the following published control samples: 50 (Al-Mahdawi et al 1994), 100 (Richard et al 2003).

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