ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000364.4(TNNT2):c.516_517delinsTT (p.Glu172_Glu173delinsAspTer) (rs730881118)

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Total submissions: 3
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000231092 SCV000285652 uncertain significance Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 2; Left ventricular noncompaction 6 2016-01-09 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change inserts 2 nucleotides in exon 11 of the TNNT2 mRNA (c.486_487delGGinsTT), causing a frameshift at codon 163. This creates a premature translational stop signal (p.Glu162_Glu163delinsAsp*) and is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. At least two truncating variants that affect the last exon of the TNNT2 gene are known to be Pathogenic (PMID: 8205619, 12707239, 20439259, 22857948, 23396983) and truncated versions TNNT2 have dominant negative effects in vitro (PMID: 10617660, 10850966). In addition, other disease-causing missense variants show decreased calcium sensitivity of force development (PMID: 20031601) which suggests that haploinsufficiency could also be a mechanism. However, haploinsufficiency has not been conclusively demonstrated as causing disease. As a result, this has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.
Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease,Stanford University RCV000223903 SCV000280526 uncertain significance not specified 2012-01-16 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing Note this variant was found in clinical genetic testing performed by one or more labs who may also submit to ClinVar. Thus any internal case data may overlap with the internal case data of other labs. The interpretation reviewed below is that of the Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease. p.Glu162AspfsX1 (E162DfsX1; c.486_487delGGinsTT) in the TNNT2 gene. Seen in a patient in our center with isolated heart block. To date, it is not clear that premature stop codons in the gene TNNT2 gene typically cause disease. Furthermore, this gene is not a good match to our patient's phenotype, as it is not known to cause isolated heart block. This variant is completely novel, and has not been previously reported as a disease-causing mutation or as a benign polymorphism. It appears that the TNNT2 gene has not been associated in the literature with heart block as a presenting feature in the absence of cardiomyopathy. The protein encoded by this gene is the tropomyosin-binding subunit of the troponin complex, which is located on the thin filament of striated muscles and regulates muscle contraction in response to alterations in intracellular calcium ion concentration. As described by GeneDx, mutations in TNNT2 have been reported in 5-15% of patients with autosomal dominant familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), often characterized by minimal left ventricular hypertrophy but a high incidence of sudden cardiac death (Moolman et al. 1997; Cirino et al. 2011). Mutations in TNNT2 have been reported less frequently in association with autosomal dominant DCM (Hershberger et al. 2009), and in some cases these patients with DCM have developed heart block. This is an in-frame alteration of 2 adjacent nucleotides that results in a change of Glutamic Acid 162 to an Aspartic Acid, and creation of a premature stop codon immediately downstream. This variant is expected to create either a truncated, abnormal protein product or loss of protein from this allele through nonsense-mediated decay. However, the vast majority of known disease-causing changes in TNNT2 are missense, indicating that haploinsufficiency of TNNT2 may not be sufficient to cause disease. HGMD contains at least one pathogenic splicing variant in TNNT2. Truncating variants do appear in population datasets. The NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project dataset currently contains 2 frameshift variants in TNNT2, and has variant calls on ~4300 Caucasian and ~2200 African American individuals (as of 5/21/2013). One of these frameshift variants is present in 1 Caucasian individual, the other is present in 2 Caucasian individuals. dbSNP apparently contains 1 frameshift variant. Given the mismatch between this gene and our patient’s phenotype, plus the uncertain effects of TNNT2 truncating variants, it seems unlikely that this variant is the explanation for our patient’s heart block. Pathogenicity would be more likely if this variant occurred de novo in the patient or segregates with disease in the family.
Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease, Stanford University RCV000786228 SCV000924967 uncertain significance not provided 2016-03-02 no assertion criteria provided provider interpretation

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