ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000388.4(CASR):c.380A>G (p.Glu127Gly) (rs121909260)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Integrated Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America RCV000029450 SCV000052100 likely pathogenic Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia 2011-08-18 criteria provided, single submitter curation Converted during submission to Likely pathogenic.
GeneDx RCV000429931 SCV000521153 likely pathogenic not provided 2018-05-23 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The E127G variant in the CASR gene has been reported previously in an individual with autosomal dominant hypocalcaemic hypercalciuria; however, familial segregation information, in vitro functional studies, and additional clinical information were not included (Hannan et al., 2012). The E127G variant was not observed in approximately 6500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. The E127G variant is a non-conservative amino acid substitution, which is likely to impact secondary protein structure as these residues differ in polarity, charge, size and/or other properties. This substitution occurs at a position that is conserved across species. In silico analysis is inconsistent in its predictions as to whether or not the variant is damaging to the protein structure/function. Missense variants in the same residue (E127A, E127K) and in nearby residues have been reported in the Human Gene Mutation Database in association with CASR-related disorders (Pollak et al., 1994; Lienhardt et al., 2001; Stenson et al., 2014), supporting the functional importance of this region of the protein. The E127G variant is a strong candidate for a pathogenic variant; however, the possibility it may be a rare benign variant cannot be excluded.

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