ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000393.5(COL5A2):c.2834G>A (p.Gly945Glu) (rs868695034)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000538150 SCV000631587 uncertain significance Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, classic type 2017-04-11 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces glycine with glutamic acid at codon 945 of the COL5A2 protein (p.Gly945Glu). The glycine residue is highly conserved and there is a moderate physicochemical difference between glycine and glutamic acid. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency) and has not been reported in the literature in individuals with a COL5A2-related disease. Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, PolyPhen-2, Align-GVGD) all suggest that this variant is likely to be disruptive, but these predictions have not been confirmed by published functional studies. Glycine residues within the Gly-Xaa-Yaa repeats of the triple helix domain are required for the structure and stability of fibrillar collagens (PMID: 7695699, 8218237, 19344236), and missense variants at these glycine residues in COL5A2 are more frequently observed in individuals with disease than in the general population (PMID: 22696272, 23587214). However, the clinical significance of this observation remains uncertain since only a limited number of affected individuals have been described to date. In summary, this variant is a novel missense change affecting a residue that is critical for protein structure, stability and function. However, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine its role in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.

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