ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000406.2(GNRHR):c.30T>A (p.Asn10Lys) (rs104893843)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000375229 SCV000450931 likely pathogenic Isolated GnRH Deficiency 2016-06-14 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The c.30T>A (p.Asn10Lys) variant has been reported as part of a complex allele with the c.31C>A (p.Gln11Lys) variant, p.[Asn10Lys;Gln11Lys], in cis in six studies in which the complex allele is found in trans with a missense variant in a compound heterozygous state in at least eight isolated GnRH deficiency patients (Costa et al. 2001; Meysing et al. 2004; Gianetti et al. 2012; Benduzzi et al. 2012; Abel et al. 2013; Benduzzi et al. 2014). The p.[Asn10Lys;Gln11Lys] complex allele has also been reported in a heterozygous state in at least four unaffected family members (Meysing et al. 2004; Gianetti et al. 2012; Benduzzi et al. 2012). The c.31C>A (p.Gln11Lys) variant has also been reported in two individuals who also carry two other missense variants whose genotype was not provided (Sykiotis et al. 2010; Miraoui et al. 2013). The p.Asn10Lys variant has also been reported in one study in which it was found in a compound heterozygous state with the p.Gln11Lys variant in two individuals (Gurbuz et al. 2012). The complex allele has been reported to be absent from 552 controls (Gianetti et al. 2012; Benduzzi et al. 2012), and each individual variant of the complex allele is reported at a frequency of 0.00029 in the European (Non-Finnish) population of the Exome Aggregation Consortium. Functional studies in COS-7 cells demonstrated that the p.[Asn10Lys;Gln11Lys] allele resulted in reduced cell surface expression, reduced efficacy of coupling of GnRHR to intracellular signalling pathways, and significantly reduced ligand binding (Meysing et al. 2004). The presence of a double allele complicates the classification of any individual variant. Based on the evidence, the p.[Asn10Lys;Gln11Lys] allele is classified as likely pathogenic for isolated GnRH deficiency while the single c.30T>A (p.Asn10Lys) variant when found alone is classified as a variant of unknown significance for isolated GnRH deficiency.
OMIM RCV000030915 SCV000037678 pathogenic Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 7 with or without anosmia 2001-06-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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