ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000422.3(KRT17):c.275A>G (p.Asn92Ser) (rs59151893)

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Total submissions: 4
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000056512 SCV000321826 pathogenic not provided 2016-07-26 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The N92S missense variant in the KRT17 gene has been reported previously in association with pachyonychia congenita (Smith et al., 1997; Covello et al., 1998; Ofaiche et al., 2014). N92S is the most common hot spot pathogenic variant in the KRT17 gene associated with pachyonychia congenita or steatocystoma multiplex (Human Intermediate Filament Database). The variant was not observed in approximately 6,500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. This substitution occurs within a known mutational hotspot region (helix initiation motif) that is highly conserved across all species and among all members of the keratin family. Many other pathogenic variants in patients with pachyonychia congenita have been reported in the same residue (N92H/D) and in nearby residues (M88T/R, L91P, R94C/S/G/P/H, L95Q/P) according to the Human Gene Mutation Database (Stenson et al., 2014). It is well established that keratin gene mutations affecting the residues at the ends of the central rod domains of the keratin proteins (helix initiation and termination motifs) interfere with proper keratin intermediate filament assembly and function, resulting in hyperkeratosis (Chamcheu et al., 2011). Therefore, we consider N92S to be pathogenic.
OMIM RCV000015689 SCV000035954 pathogenic Pachyonychia congenita 2 1998-09-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only
Epithelial Biology; Institute of Medical Biology, Singapore RCV000056512 SCV000087623 not provided not provided no assertion provided not provided
GeneReviews RCV000015689 SCV000172481 pathogenic Pachyonychia congenita 2 2014-07-24 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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