ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000501.4(ELN):c.1621C>T (p.Arg541Ter) (rs137854453)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000198624 SCV000250046 pathogenic not provided 2017-09-01 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The c.1621C>T variant in the ELN gene has been reported previously in one newborn with severe cutis laxa, congenital pulmonary disease, supravalvular pulmonary artery stenosis, unilateral inguinal hernia and dysmorphic facial features (Graul-Neumann et al., 2008). The c.1621C>T variant alters the last (3') nucleotide of exon 24. mRNA studies using skin fibroblasts from the proband suggested that the variant abolished splicing from this exon/intron junction, resulting in in-frame skipping of this exon and expression of a protein lacking amino acids 526-540. The c.1621C>T variant was also present in this individual's unaffected father. However, expression studies using skin fibroblasts from the father showed that he had reduced expression of ELN mRNA, consistent with nonsense-mediated mRNA decay due to introduction of the R541X premature termination codon. The bases of this premature termination codon flank the intron and would only be present in an mRNA species that was spliced appropriately. The authors hypothesized that this potential difference in mRNA processing between father and son, while unexplained on a molecular/cellular level, may explain the highly variable clinical picture observed in this family (Graul- Neumann et al., 2008). The R541X variant has also been reported in association with supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) in the absence of cutis laxa (reported as R570X in an alternate transcript of the ELN gene [Metcalfe et al., 2000; Li et al., 1997]). Metcalfe et al. reported R570X in one individual with sporadic, severe SVAS, peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis and bilateral inguinal hernias. Li et al. reported R570X in an individual with sporadic SVAS, and it was absent in >375 control samples. Functional studies were not performed in these cases. Other nonsense and splice site variants in the ELN gene have been reported in association with SVAS and cutis laxa. Furthermore, the c.1621C>T variants was not observed in approximately 6500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. In summary, c.1621 C>T in the ELN gene is interpreted as a disease-causing variant
OMIM RCV000018207 SCV000038486 pathogenic Supravalvar aortic stenosis 2000-12-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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