ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000527.4(LDLR):c.202T>C (p.Cys68Arg) (rs1057519652)

Minimum review status: Collection method:
Minimum conflict level:
ClinVar version:
Total submissions: 2
Download table as spreadsheet
Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire et Chromosomique, Unité de génétique de l'Obésité et des Dyslipidémies,APHP, GH Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière / Charles-Foix RCV000417354 SCV000503111 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2016-12-16 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Index case (homozygote) = 1 / Software predictions: Damaging
Invitae RCV000791365 SCV000830076 uncertain significance Familial hypercholesterolemias 2018-08-30 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces cysteine with arginine at codon 68 of the LDLR protein (p.Cys68Arg). The cysteine residue is highly conserved and there is a large physicochemical difference between cysteine and arginine. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has not been observed in individuals with LDLR-related disease. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 375777). This variant affects a cysteine residue located within an LDLRA domain of the LDLR protein. Cysteine residues in these domains have been shown to be involved in the formation of disulfide bridges, which are critical for protein structure and stability (PMID: 7548065, 7603991, 7979249). In addition, missense substitutions within the LDLRA domains affecting cysteine residues are overrepresented among patients with hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 18325082). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function are either unavailable or do not agree on the potential impact of this missense change (SIFT: "Deleterious"; PolyPhen-2: "Probably Damaging"; Align-GVGD: "Class C0"). In summary, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.

The information on this website is not intended for direct diagnostic use or medical decision-making without review by a genetics professional. Individuals should not change their health behavior solely on the basis of information contained on this website. Neither the University of Utah nor the National Institutes of Health independently verfies the submitted information. If you have questions about the information contained on this website, please see a health care professional.