ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000527.5(LDLR):c.1187-10G>A

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Total submissions: 13
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
LDLR-LOVD, British Heart Foundation RCV000211627 SCV000295273 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-03-25 criteria provided, single submitter literature only
Robarts Research Institute,Western University RCV000211627 SCV000484784 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire et Chromosomique, Unité de génétique de l'Obésité et des Dyslipidémies,APHP, GH Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière / Charles-Foix RCV000211627 SCV000503311 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-12-16 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing subjects mutated among 2600 FH index cases screened = 4 , family member = 2
Invitae RCV000588170 SCV000544644 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2019-10-10 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change falls in intron 8 of the LDLR mRNA. It does not directly change the encoded amino acid sequence of the LDLR protein. This variant is present in population databases (rs765696008, ExAC 0.02%). This variant has been reported in several individuals and families affected with familial hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 11668627, 21865347, 12436241, 20145306, 24075752, 20145306), including in an individual with early severe disease that carried two copies of this variant (PMID: 26077743), and has also been reported by the LDLR-UMD database (PMID: 12124988 ). ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 226349). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of sequence changes on mRNA splicing suggest that this variant may alter mRNA splicing, but this prediction has not been confirmed by published transcriptional studies. An experimental study reported reduced LDLR activity in transformed lymphocytes (PMID: 21865347). In summary, this is a rare variant that has been previously reported in affected individuals and families and has been shown to affect protein function. For these reasons it has been classified as Pathogenic.
U4M - Lille University & CHRU Lille, Université de Lille - CHRU de Lille RCV000211627 SCV000583801 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2017-03-30 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Cardiology, University of São Paulo RCV000211627 SCV000588563 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-03-01 criteria provided, single submitter research
Fundacion Hipercolesterolemia Familiar RCV000211627 SCV000607571 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-03-01 criteria provided, single submitter research
Integrated Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America RCV000588170 SCV000697187 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2017-03-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant summary: The LDLR c.1187-10G>A variant involves the alteration of a non-conserved intronic nucleotide. One in silico tool predicts a disease-causing outcome for this variant. 5/5 splice prediction tools predict the creation of a cryptic splice site 8bp upstream of the canonical splice site at the exon-intron junction. A functional study that assayed splicing defects via cDNA analysis in a family affected by familial hypercholesterolemia showed that a heterozygous individual expresses both the WT allele as well as the variant allele (which includes the 8bp of retained intronic sequence), and a severely affected homozygous individual who expresses no detectable WT transcript (Sun_Sci Rep_2015). Additionally, another study analyzed residual LDLR activity in B- and T-lymphocytes in FH patients compared to control individuals and found that heterozygous patients have approximately half of LDLR activity of control individuals via flow cytometry experiments (Romano_JLR_2011), which supports the hypothesis that the variant is a null allele. This variant was found in the large control database ExAC at a frequency of 0.0000417 (5/119944 control chromosomes), which does not exceed the estimated maximal expected allele frequency of a pathogenic LDLR variant (0.0012508). In addition, the observations of the variant in the ExAC dataset needs to be cautiously considered due to the cohort containing individuals that could harbor a LDLR phenotype. Furthermore, a publication, Sun_2015, shows the variant to cosegregate with disease in a large FH family, including the proband, who was homozygous for the variant and had a significantly elevated lipid level. Multiple clinical diagnostic laboratories/reputable databases classified this variant as likely pathogenic/pathogenic. Taken together, this variant is classified as pathogenic.
Color RCV000588170 SCV000909159 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2018-03-27 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Pathogenic variant based on current evidence: This variant changes a single nucleotide in intron 8 of the LDLR mRNA and is predicted to create a new splice acceptor, eight nucleotides upstream from the canonical splice acceptor site. A RNA study with cells from a homozygous subject has confirmed that the usage of the new splice acceptor resulted in the mRNA that included the last eight nucleotides of intron 8 (PMID: 26077743). This creates a frameshift and premature translational stop signal and is expected to result in an absent or non-functional protein product. This variant has been identified in multiple Caucasian individuals diagnosed with familial hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 11668627, 12436241, 20145306, 21865347, 24075752). In a large Chinese family, this variant segregated with hypercholesterolemia in 9 heterozygous individuals and one homozygous child who showed severe phenotype (PMID: 26077743). This variant has been identified in 7/245372 chromosomes in the general population by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Based on available evidence, this variant is classified as Pathogenic.
Brunham Lab, Centre for Heart and Lung Innovation,University of British Columbia RCV000211627 SCV001432548 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2019-01-21 criteria provided, single submitter research
Cardiovascular Genetics Laboratory,PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA - Fiona Stanley Hospital RCV000211627 SCV000268602 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2008-06-05 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing
Laboratorium voor Moleculaire Diagnostiek Experimentele Vasculaire Geneeskunde,Academisch Medisch Centrum RCV000211627 SCV000606346 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 no assertion criteria provided research
Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease, Stanford University RCV000786346 SCV000925124 pathogenic not provided 2016-04-19 no assertion criteria provided provider interpretation The patient had genetic testing for the familial hypercholesterolemia panel. The test included sequencing of three genes associated with familial hypercholesterolemia: LDLR, APOB and PCSK9. Results showed that the following variant was identified: c.1187-10G>A in the LDLR gene (NM_000527.4) The lab classifies this variant as pathogenic. Given the strong case data we consider this variant pathogenic and we do feel it is suitable for assessing risk in healthy relatives ("predictive genetic testing"). The variant has been seen in at least 13 unrelated cases of familial hypercholesterolemia (not including this patient's family), this is significant case data supporting the pathogenicity of this variant. Chmara et al., 2009, identified the c.1187-10G>A LDLR variant in 4 of 378 patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. They predicted this variant to be pathogenic and state that it resulted in deletion of consensus acceptor site and formation of a de novo acceptor site at 1187-8. Hooper et al., 2012, performed mutation testing of LDLR in 343 patients with possible, probable, or definite FH and found the c.1187-10G>A variant in 2 individuals in this cohort. Sun et al., 2015, identified a Chinese family with FH and found that the c.1187-10G>A variant segregated with disease in the family. It was also found in a homozygous state in one affected individual in the family with severe FH who had high cholesterol as well as tendon xanthomas. The c.1187-10G>A variant was not identified in 39 sporadic FH subjects or 288 healthy Chinese control subjects. They also gentoyped the cDNA of LDLR and found that the variant activated cryptic splice sites, resulting in a transcript that included the last eight nucleotides of intron 8 in the mRNA. Punzalan et al., 2005, performed genetic testing of LDLR for 60 unrelated Filipino patients with a clinical diagnosis of FH. They found the c.1187-10G>A mutation in 2 out of the 60 patients. Amsellem et al., 2002, performed genetic testing of 110 FH patients from an admixed population. They identified the c.1187-10G>A mutation in 2 patients in this cohort. Romano et al., 2011, identified the c.1187-10G>A variant in 2 individuals with FH. These patients had reduced LDLR residual activity on EBV-transformed B-lymphocytes as well as reduced LDLR residual activity on stimulated T-lymphocytes. Four web-based tools were used to determine whether the c.1187-10G>A variant affected the splice site. ASSP, HSF, and NetGene2 all identified a cryptic donor site generated by the c.1187-10G>A variant. All four software tools reported that the confidence scores of the cryptic donor site are higher than the natural splice site. The variant has not been seen in laboratory controls, published controls or individuals from publicly available population datasets. There is no variation at c.1187-10G>A listed in the Exome Aggregation Consortium dataset (, which currently includes variant calls on ~64,000 individuals of European, African, Latino and Asian descent (as of 4/19/16).

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