ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000527.5(LDLR):c.464G>T (p.Cys155Phe)

dbSNP: rs879254536
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Total submissions: 3
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
LDLR-LOVD, British Heart Foundation RCV000237311 SCV000294728 likely pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2016-03-25 criteria provided, single submitter literature only
Ambry Genetics RCV002338779 SCV002635322 likely pathogenic Cardiovascular phenotype 2019-01-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The p.C155F variant (also known as c.464G>T), located in coding exon 4 of the LDLR gene, results from a G to T substitution at nucleotide position 464. The cysteine at codon 155, located at LDLR class A repeat 4, is replaced by phenylalanine, an amino acid with highly dissimilar properties. Pathogenic LDLR mutations that result in the substitution or generation of cysteine residues within the cysteine-rich LDLR class A repeats and EGF-like domains are common in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) (Villéger L. Hum Mutat. 2002;20(2):81-7). This variant was reported in a pediatric FH cohort with limited clinical details provided (van der Graaf A et al. Circulation, 2011 Mar;123:1167-73). Internal structural analysis indicates this alteration eliminates a disulfide bond critical for the structural integrity of LDLR class A repeat 4 (Ambry internal data). Alternate amino acid substitutions at this position, including p.C155G (legacy p.C134G) and p.C155R, have been reported in individuals with FH (Hobbs HH et al. Hum. Mutat., 1992;1:445-66; Lombardi MP et al. Clin. Genet., 2000 Feb;57:116-24; Yu W et al. Atherosclerosis, 2002 Dec;165:335-42). This amino acid position is highly conserved in available vertebrate species. In addition, this alteration is predicted to be deleterious by in silico analysis. Based on the majority of available evidence to date, this variant is likely to be pathogenic.
Laboratorium voor Moleculaire Diagnostiek Experimentele Vasculaire Geneeskunde, Academisch Medisch Centrum RCV000237311 SCV000606128 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 no assertion criteria provided research

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