ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000527.5(LDLR):c.665G>T (p.Cys222Phe) (rs730882086)

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Total submissions: 5
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
LDLR-LOVD, British Heart Foundation RCV000237208 SCV000294871 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-03-25 criteria provided, single submitter literature only
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire et Chromosomique, Unité de génétique de l'Obésité et des Dyslipidémies,APHP, GH Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière / Charles-Foix RCV000237208 SCV000503202 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-12-16 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing subject mutated among 2600 FH index cases screened = 1 / Software predictions: Damaging
Fundacion Hipercolesterolemia Familiar RCV000237208 SCV000607485 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 2016-03-01 criteria provided, single submitter research
Invitae RCV001376811 SCV001573983 likely pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2020-06-22 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces cysteine with phenylalanine at codon 222 of the LDLR protein (p.Cys222Phe). The cysteine residue is highly conserved and there is a large physicochemical difference between cysteine and phenylalanine. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has been observed in individual(s) with clinical features of familial hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 11810272, 24671153, 27830735, 30526649). ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 251362). This variant affects a cysteine residue located within an LDLRA or epidermal-growth-factor (EGF)-like domains of the LDLR protein. Cysteine residues in these domains have been shown to be involved in the formation of disulfide bridges, which are critical for protein structure and stability (PMID: 7548065, 7603991, 7979249). In addition, missense substitutions within the LDLRA and EGF-like domains affecting cysteine residues are overrepresented among patients with hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 18325082). This variant disrupts the p.Cys222 amino acid residue in LDLR. Other variant(s) that disrupt this residue have been observed in individuals with LDLR-related conditions (PMID: 25043216, 7573037), which suggests that this may be a clinically significant amino acid residue. In summary, the currently available evidence indicates that the variant is pathogenic, but additional data are needed to prove that conclusively. Therefore, this variant has been classified as Likely Pathogenic.
Laboratorium voor Moleculaire Diagnostiek Experimentele Vasculaire Geneeskunde,Academisch Medisch Centrum RCV000237208 SCV000606189 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 1 no assertion criteria provided research

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