ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000527.5(LDLR):c.97C>T (p.Gln33Ter)

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Total submissions: 18
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
ClinGen Familial Hypercholesterolemia Variant Curation Expert Panel RCV000003868 SCV002506409 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2022-04-30 reviewed by expert panel curation NM_000527.5(LDLR):c.97C>T (p.Gln33Ter) variant is classified as pathogenic for Familial Hypercholesterolemia by applying evidence code PVS1, PS3, PS4, PM2, PP1 and PP4 as defined by the ClinGen Familial Hypercholesterolemia Expert Panel LDLR-specific variant curation guidelines (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gim.2021.09.012). The supporting evidence is as follows: PM2 - PopMax MAF = 0.00001759 (0.002%) in European non-Finnish exomes (gnomAD v2.1.1). PVS1 - Variant leads to stop at codon 33, amino-terminal of amino acid 830. PS3 - Two studies contribute to PS3 attribution. One (PMID:2088165) report a level 2 assay performed on homozygous patient's fibroblasts with radiolabeled LDL consistent with damaging effect of the variant (< 2% LDLR activity). The second reports a level 1 assay perfomed on Heterologous cells (CHO-ldlA7). FACS, CLSM and WB results in 10% expression, binding and uptake of LDLR which is retained in the ER. PS4 - Variant meets PM2 and is identified in at least 10 unrelated index cases from CGMC UFGOD (APHP.Sorbonne Université, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière). 8 cases fulfil SB possible criteria and 14 fulfil DLCN >= 6 criteria. PP1_Strong- Variant segregate with FH in at least 3 informatives meiosis (LDL-C > 75th percentile) from 1 family from CGMC, UFGOD (APHP.Sorbonne Université, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière). In the same Laboratory segregation with FH was observed in 1 informative meiosis from 7 families. PP4 - Variant meets PM2 and is identified in 22 unrelated index cases from CGMC UFGOD (APHP.Sorbonne Université, Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière).
LDLR-LOVD, British Heart Foundation RCV000003868 SCV000294463 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2016-03-25 criteria provided, single submitter literature only
Centre de Génétique Moléculaire et Chromosomique, Unité de génétique de l'Obésité et des Dyslipidémies, APHP, GH Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière / Charles-Foix RCV000003868 SCV000503101 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2016-12-16 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing subjects mutated among 2600 FH index cases screened = 12 , family members = 6 with co-segregation
Invitae RCV001034691 SCV000544678 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2023-11-10 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change creates a premature translational stop signal (p.Gln33*) in the LDLR gene. It is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. Loss-of-function variants in LDLR are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 20809525, 28645073). This variant is present in population databases (rs121908024, gnomAD 0.002%), including at least one homozygous and/or hemizygous individual. This premature translational stop signal has been observed in individual(s) with familial hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 1301940, 15241806, 15701167, 18096825, 24088637, 27784735). This variant is also known as p.Gln12X. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 3683). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.
U4M - Lille University & CHRU Lille, Université de Lille - CHRU de Lille RCV000003868 SCV000583630 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2017-03-30 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing ACMG Guidelines: Pathogenic (ii)
Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Cardiology, University of São Paulo RCV000003868 SCV000588484 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2016-03-01 criteria provided, single submitter research
Fundacion Hipercolesterolemia Familiar RCV000003868 SCV000607415 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2016-03-01 criteria provided, single submitter research
Department of Human Genetics, Laborarztpraxis Dres. Walther, Weindel und Kollegen RCV000003868 SCV000987040 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2018-12-07 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing At protein level, the mutation leads to a premature termination of protein biosynthesis after 33 amino acids (12th amino acid of the mature protein). This change has already been described in the literature as FH Turkey and FH Milan-4, as well as in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia and is associated with elevated cholesterol and LDL-C levels. Most likely the mutation leads to a complete loss of LDL receptor activity due to premature degradation. PMID: 1301940, 15701167
Laboratory of molecular diagnosis of dyslipidemias, Università egli studi di Napoli Federico II RCV000003868 SCV001653581 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2021-05-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Revvity Omics, Revvity RCV000003868 SCV002017112 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2021-07-02 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
GeneDx RCV000786350 SCV002027963 pathogenic not provided 2021-11-18 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Also known as p.(Q12*), FH Turkey and FH Milan-4; Not observed at significant frequency in large population cohorts (Lek et al., 2016); Nonsense variant predicted to result in protein truncation or nonsense mediated decay in a gene for which loss-of-function is a known mechanism of disease; Published functional studies show that this variant results in loss of protein function (Jiang et al., 2017); Reported in ClinVar as a pathogenic variant (ClinVar Variant ID# 3683; Landrum et al., 2016); This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 9974426, 15701167, 24088637, 25487149, 15241806, 1301940, 1301956, 32977124, 33740630, 34037665, 31358055, 28645073, 2088165)
Ambry Genetics RCV002381238 SCV002694005 pathogenic Cardiovascular phenotype 2022-04-21 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The p.Q33* pathogenic mutation (also known as c.97C>T), located in coding exon 2 of the LDLR gene, results from a C to T substitution at nucleotide position 97. This changes the amino acid from a glutamine to a stop codon within coding exon 2. This alteration has been reported in association with familial hypercholesterolemia across various ethnicities (also reported as p.Q12X) (Hobbs HH, Annu. Rev. Genet. 1990 ; 24:133-70; Mozas P, Hum. Mutat. 2004 Aug; 24(2):187; Zakharova FM, BMC Med. Genet. 2005 Feb;6:6; Fouchier SW, Hum. Mutat. 2005 Dec; 26(6):550-6). This alteration was also reported in a homozygous state in two individuals who both had total cholesterol levels greater than 600 mg/dl (Loux N, Hum. Mutat. 1992;1(4):325-32; Meng X, Indian J Ophthalmol 2013 Dec; 61(12):770-1). In addition to the clinical data presented in the literature, this alteration is expected to result in loss of function by premature protein truncation or nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. As such, this alteration is interpreted as a disease-causing mutation.
Color Diagnostics, LLC DBA Color Health RCV001034691 SCV004358465 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2023-07-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant changes 1 nucleotide in exon 2 in the LDLR type A repeat 1 of the LDLR gene, creating a premature translation stop signal. This variant is expected to result in an absent or non-functional protein product. An experimental functional study using transfected CHO-ldlA7 cells has shown that this variant causes a significant reduction in LDLR activity, LDL uptake, and LDL binding (PMID: 28645073). This LDLR variant has been reported in over 10 heterozygous individuals affected with familial hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 15241806, 15791167, 16250003, 18096825, 23375686, 34037665). This variant has also been observed in homozygous state in several individuals affected with severe homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (PMID: 2088165, 1301940, 1301956, 9974426, 24088637, 27784735). This variant has been identified in 2/251156 chromosomes in the general population by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Loss of LDLR function is a known mechanism of disease (clinicalgenome.org). Based on the available evidence, this variant is classified as Pathogenic.
All of Us Research Program, National Institutes of Health RCV000003868 SCV004820114 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 2023-05-31 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The c.97C>T (p.Gln33*) variant in the LDLR gene is located on the exon 2 and introduces a premature translation termination codon (p.Gln33*), resulting in an absent or disrupted protein product. The variant has been identified in more than 10 unrelated individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) (PMID: 33418990, 28475941, 28235710, 32759540, 18096825). This variant segregates with FH phenotype in at least 3 informative meioses in 1 family and 1 informative meiosis in 7 families from different laboratories according to the ClinGen Familial Hypercholesterolemia Variant Curation Expert Panel. Experimental study of LDLR expression with heterozygous and homozygous patient fibroblasts confirmed the negative functional impact of the variant (PMID: 2088165, 31358055, 28645073). The variant is reported in ClinVar (ID: 3683) and evaluated as pathogenic by the Expert Panel. Loss-of-function variants in LDLR are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 20809525, 21310417). This variant is rare in the general population according to gnomAD (2/251156). Therefore, the c.97C>T (p.Gln33*) variant of LDLR has been classified as pathogenic.
OMIM RCV000003868 SCV000024033 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 1988-11-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only
Laboratorium voor Moleculaire Diagnostiek Experimentele Vasculaire Geneeskunde, Academisch Medisch Centrum RCV000003868 SCV000606015 pathogenic Hypercholesterolemia, familial, 1 no assertion criteria provided research
Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease, Stanford University RCV000786350 SCV000925133 pathogenic not provided 2017-06-09 no assertion criteria provided provider interpretation p.Gln33* (also known as p.Gln12X in the literature) (c.97C>T) in the LDLR gene (NM_000527.4) Given that this variant truncates the LDL receptor, the very strong case data and the variant's rarity in large population databases, we consider this variant pathogenic and we do feel it is suitable for assessing risk in healthy relatives ("predictive genetic testing"). The variant has been seen in at least 25 unrelated cases of FH (not including this patient's family). There is strong cases data. This variant is listed in ClinVar and is classified as pathogenic by Invitae, LDL-LOVD British Heart Foundation (seen in 5 patients) and the Centre de Génétique Moléculaire et Chromosomique, Unité de génétique de l'Obésité et des Dyslipidémies,APHP, GH Hôpitaux Universitaires Pitié-Salpêtrière / Charles-Foix (seen in 12 patients from 6 families out of 2600 index cases). Loux et al (1992, PMID1301940) found this variant (reported as p.Gln12*) in one of seven families with FH. The proband had homozygous FH, with total cholesterol levels in the 600s. Mozas et al (2004, PMID 15241806) found this variant in 2 out of 476 Spanish patients with FH. Zakharova et al (2005, PMID 15701167) found this variant in 2 out of 45 Russian patients (from the same family) with a clinical diagnosis of FH. Junyent et al (2008, PMID 18096825) found this variant in 2 of 146 Spanish patients. It is unclear whether or not these patients are related. Meng et al (2013, PMID 24088637) present a case report of a 12-year-old male with apparently Compound homozygous FH, and his father with heterozygous FH and the same variant. Sánchez-Hernández et al (2016, PMID 27784735) found this variant in 4 out of 97 patients: this variant was present in 2 patients in the homozygous form and 2 patient in the compound heterozygous form. Thirteen other variants at this and nearby codons (p.Glu28Ter, p.Arg29Ter, p.Glu31Ter, p.Glu31Lys, p.Glu31Aspfs, p.Phe32Cys, p.Gln33Hisfs, p.Cys34Gly, p.Cys34Ser, p.Cys34Ter, p.Gln35Ter, p.Asp36Glufs, p.Asp36Glu) are considered pathogenic in ClinVar. This variant is completely conserved across species and nearby residues are also strongly conserved. The variant is reported online in the Genome Aggregation Consortium Dataset (gnomAD; http://gnomad.broadinstitute.org/), which currently includes variant calls on >140,000 unrelated individuals of African, Asian, European, Ashkenazi, Latino descent. It is present in 1 European individual in the homozygous form out of 122,871 individuals in this database. The phenotype of those individuals is not publicly available. The dataset is comprised of multiple cohorts, some of which were recruited from the general population, others were enriched for common cardiovascular disease. This variant was absent from 288 controls (Loux et al 1992; Junyent et al 2008)
Natera, Inc. RCV001034691 SCV002086359 pathogenic Familial hypercholesterolemia 2021-03-18 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing

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