ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000546.5(TP53):c.216dup (p.Val73fs) (rs730882018)

Minimum review status: Collection method:
Minimum conflict level:
ClinVar version:
Total submissions: 4
Download table as spreadsheet
Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Ambry Genetics RCV000161059 SCV000275185 pathogenic Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2017-11-02 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Lines of evidence used in support of classification: Alterations resulting in premature truncation (e.g.reading frame shift, nonsense)
GeneDx RCV000161059 SCV000211791 pathogenic Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2014-09-11 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This duplication of one nucleotide in TP53 is denoted c.216_217insC (aka c.216dupC) at the cDNA level and p.Val73ArgfsX76 (V73RfsX76) at the protein level. The normal sequence, with the bases that are inserted in brackets, is TCCCCCC[C]GTGG. The duplication causes a frameshift, which changes a Valine to an Arginine at codon 73 in exon 4, and creates a premature stop codon at position 76 of the new reading frame. This mutation is predicted to cause loss of normal protein function through either protein truncation or nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. TP53 c.216_217insC has been observed in an individual with osteosarcoma with a family history of early-onset breast cancer (Toguchida 1992). We consider this mutation to be pathogenic. Mosaicism for TP53 mutations has been reported in at least three patients, all of whom had cancer themselves and none of whom had a family history significant for Li Fraumeni syndrome (Prochazkova 2009, Walsh 2011, Mitchell 2013). A pathogenic mutation in this gene is indicative of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), an autosomal dominant condition associated with a high-risk for a broad range of childhood- and adult-onset cancers. The following core cancer types account for 70-77% of LFS-associated tumors (in order of frequency): breast cancer, soft tissue sarcoma, brain tumors, osteosarcoma, and adrenocortical carcinoma (Gonzalez 2009, Olivier 2003, Ruijs 2010). Other types of cancer that have been reported to be associated with LFS include ovarian, gastrointestinal, pancreatic, genitourinary, skin, thyroid and lung cancers as well as leukemia, lymphoma, and neuroblastomas. Age-related and sex-specific cancer risks have been reported. According to one study, the overall risks for males with LFS to develop cancer by ages 16, 45, and 85 are estimated to be 19%, 41%, and 73%, respectively, whereas the risks for females are estimated to be 12%, 84%, and 100%, respectively (Chompret 2000). The higher penetrance in females is due to the high incidence of breast cancer, accounting for 80% of the cancers in the age group of 16 to 45 years (Chompret 2000). The majority of LFS-associated breast cancers are HER2/neu positive ductal carcinomas (Melhem-Bertrandt 2012). The most common types of sarcomas in LFS are rhabdomyosarcomas before age 5 and osteosarcomas at any age (Ognjanovic 2012). LFS is associated with many types of brain tumors including astrocytomas, glioblastomas, medulloblastomas and choroid plexus carcinomas, and they can occur in childhood or adulthood (Olivier 2003). Individuals with LFS who have been diagnosed with cancer have up to a 57% risk of a second primary cancer within 30 years of the first diagnosis and up to a 38% risk of a third primary diagnosis (Hisada 1998). Several studies have demonstrated that subsequent tumors often develop in the radiation field of the previously treated cancer (Chompret 2000, Hisada 1998). Approximately 24% of LFS cases result from a de novo, rather than inherited, mutation in the TP53 gene (Chompret 2000). This variant has been seen apparently mosaic. The variant is found in HEREDICANCER panel(s).
Invitae RCV000538223 SCV000629790 pathogenic Li-Fraumeni syndrome 2018-10-03 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change creates a premature translational stop signal (p.Val73Argfs*76) in the TP53 gene. It is expected to result in an absent or disrupted protein product. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has been reported in individuals affected with osteosarcoma (PMID: 1565143) and breast cancer (PMID: 28369373), as well as an unaffected individual (PMID: 28369373). This variant is also known as a 1-bp insertion at codons 71-72 in the literature. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 182957). Loss-of-function variants in TP53 are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 20522432). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.
OMIM RCV000013157 SCV000033404 pathogenic Li-Fraumeni-like syndrome 1995-01-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only

The information on this website is not intended for direct diagnostic use or medical decision-making without review by a genetics professional. Individuals should not change their health behavior solely on the basis of information contained on this website. Neither the University of Utah nor the National Institutes of Health independently verfies the submitted information. If you have questions about the information contained on this website, please see a health care professional.