ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_000546.5(TP53):c.686G>A (p.Cys229Tyr) (rs1064793603)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000482575 SCV000566570 uncertain significance not provided 2015-05-12 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant is denoted TP53 c.686G>A at the cDNA level, p.Cys229Tyr (C229Y) at the protein level, and results in the change of a Cysteine to a Tyrosine (TGT>TAT). This variant has not, to our knowledge, been published in the literature as either a germline pathogenic variant or a benign polymorphism. However, this variant has been reported as a somatic variant in a pulmonary carcinoid and a breast tumor (Lohmann 1993, Shiao 1995). Functional studies in yeast and human tumor cell lines suggest TP53 Cys229Tyr is able to retain partial transcriptional activity compared to wildtype and null cells (Kato 2003, Kakudo 2005). TP53 Cys229Tyr was not observed in approximately 6,500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. Since Cysteine and Tyrosine differ in polarity, charge, size or other properties, this is considered a non-conservative amino acid substitution. TP53 Cys229Tyr occurs at a position that is not conserved and is located in the DNA binding domain and the region required for interaction with HIPK1, ZNF385A, FBX042, and AXIN1 (Uniprot). In silico analyses are inconsistent regarding the effect this variant may have on protein structure and function. Based on currently available information, it is unclear whether TP53 Cys229Tyr is pathogenic or benign. We consider it to be a variant of uncertain significance.
Color RCV000775944 SCV000910445 uncertain significance Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2018-09-19 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing

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