ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001035.3(RYR2):c.12271_12272delinsAG (p.Ala4091Arg) (rs794728837)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000182900 SCV000235289 pathogenic not provided 2011-09-08 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This mutation is denoted Ala4091Arg (aka A4091R) at the protein level and c.12271_12272delinsAG at the cDNA level. A deletion of two nucleotides (GC) and insertion of two nucleotides (AG) was identified in exon 90 of the RYR2 gene. The sequence with the bases that are deleted in braces and inserted in brackets is: ACCT{GC}[AG]GAAG. The Ala4091Arg mutation has not been reported previously as a disease-causing mutation or as a benign polymorphism, to our knowledge. This mutation results in a non-conservative amino acid substitution of a non-polar Alanine with a positively charged Arginine. Ala4091Arg occurs in one of the three "hot-spot" domains where mutations are located throughout the RYR2 gene (Medeiros-Domingo A et al., 2009). In silico analysis predicts Ala4091Arg to be probably damaging to the protein structure/function (Adzhubei IA et al., 2010; Schwarz JM et al., 2011). Additionally, other mutations at this codon (Ala4091Val, Ala4091Thr) and in a nearby codon (Asn4097Ser) have been reported in association with CPVT and ventricular tachycardia (Hayashi M. et al., 2009), further supporting the functional importance of this position and region of the protein. Therefore, the presence of Ala4091Arg in the RYR2 gene is likely consistent with a diagnosis of CPVT. The variant is found in CPVT panel(s).

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