ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001035.3(RYR2):c.689G>A (p.Gly230Asp) (rs794728710)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000182662 SCV000235041 pathogenic not provided 2013-10-11 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing p.Gly230Asp (GGT>GAT): c.689 G>A in exon 10 of the RYR2 gene (NM_001035.2). While the Gly230Asp mutation in the RYR2 gene has not been reported to our knowledge, a mutation affecting this same residue, Gly230Cys, has been reported in association with CPVT (Meli A et al., 2011). Additionally, Gly230Asp is located in the N-terminal mutation hot-spot" domain of the RYR2 gene (Medeiros-Domingo A et al., 2009). Gly230Asp results in a non-conservative amino acid substitution of a non-polar Glycine with a negatively charged Aspartic acid at a position that is conserved across species. In silico analysis predicts Gly230Asp is damaging to the protein structure/function. Furthermore, Gly230Asp was not observed in approximately 6,000 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. In summary, Gly230Asp in the RYR2 gene is interpreted as a likely disease-causing mutation. Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT) is characterized by syncope, typically beginning in the first decade of life, which may be triggered by physical activity or intense emotion. In patients with CPVT, stress-induced release of catecholamines causes a dysfunction of the calcium-ion channel in the myocytes (De La Fuente et al., 2008; Napolitano C et al., 2012; Priori S et al., 2002). CPVT is primarily caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the RYR2 and KCNJ2 genes. Less commonly, CPVT is caused by autosomal recessive mutations in the CASQ2 gene (Napolitano C et al., 2012). Approximately 50% of patients with autosomal dominant CPVT have been reported to have a mutation in the RYR2 gene, while mutations in the RYR2 gene associated with ARVC are rare (McNally E et al., 2009; Napolitano C et al., 2012). The variant is found in CPVT panel(s)."

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