ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001079878.2(CNGA3):c.1174C>T (p.Arg392Trp) (rs137852608)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000010087 SCV000914948 pathogenic Achromatopsia 2 2018-04-25 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The CNGA3 c.1228C>T (p.Arg410Trp) variant was reported in six individuals with achromatopsia, including one individual who carries the variant in a homozygous state and five individuals, including a sibling pair, who carry the variant in a compound heterozygous state (Kohl et al. 1998; Wissinger et al. 2001; Nishiguchi et al. 2005; Genead et al. 2011; Liang et al. 2015). The variant was also identified in a homozygous state in an individual with cone dystrophy (Dockery et al. 2017). The p.Arg410Trp variant was absent from 190 control individuals (Kohl et al. 1998; Nishiguchi et al. 2005) and is reported at a frequency of 0.000089 in the Latino population of the Genome Aggregation Database. When transfected in HEK-293 cells, the p.Arg410Trp variant showed no cGMP channel activity, in contrast to the wild type protein, which showed maximum activity at the same vector concentration, and preliminary studies suggested that the channel function was not rescued when the p.Arg410Trp variant was co-expressed with wild type (Muraki-Oda et al. 2007). Tanaka et al. (2015) demonstrated that the canine orthologous variant, p.Arg424Trp, results in complete loss of channel activity and cone function in vivo, and structural modeling and molecular dynamics simulations suggested the variant disrupted a salt bridge formation. Based on the collective evidence, the p.Arg410Trp variant is classified as pathogenic for achromatopsia. This variant was observed by ICSL as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population.
OMIM RCV000010087 SCV000030308 pathogenic Achromatopsia 2 1998-07-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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