ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001110792.2(MECP2):c.1154C>A (p.Ser385Ter) (rs267608569)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Integrated Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America RCV000781521 SCV000919619 uncertain significance not specified 2018-08-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant summary: MECP2 c.1118C>A (p.Ser373X) results in a premature termination codon, predicted to cause a truncation of the C-terminal segment of the encoded protein or absence of the protein due to nonsense mediated decay, which are commonly known mechanisms for disease. The variant allele (described as ChrX:153296161G>T) was found at a frequency of 1.7e-05 in 174031 control chromosomes (in gnomAD), however this nucleotide change might occur as a part of a complex variant with two other missense variants (c.1115A>C and c.1117T>C) that would translate into a different protein level change, therefore these data might not be reliable for assessing variant frequency. Although the pattern of reads in the gnomAD database indicates a complex origin, the possibility of this variant occuring in isolation in patients with Rett syndrome cannot be entirely ruled out. Furthermore, a different nucleotide change (c.1118C>G) resulting in a variant described identically at the protein level as p.Ser373X, has been reported in the literature in an individual affected with either classic or a variant form of Rett Syndrome (Smeets 2009 cross references with HGMD database). In this study, the authors report that complete data were obtained on 103 RTT females clinically diagnosed between 1983 and 2003 according to the international diagnostic criteria for classic and variant RTT. However the specific phenotype of the patient harboring p.Ser373X was not specified. The authors of the study concluded that 'late' truncating mutations in the C-terminal segment develop differently in the long term and remain milder far into adult life. As this publication does not specify the exact nucleotide level change observed in this patient and does not provide any information about other variants in the MECP2 gene present in this individual, it does not provide unequivocal conclusions about association of the variant of interest (namely, c.1118C>A) with either classic or variant Rett Syndrome. To our knowledge, no experimental evidence demonstrating an impact on protein function has been reported. No clinical diagnostic laboratories have submitted clinical-significance assessments for this variant to ClinVar after 2014. Based on the evidence outlined above, the variant was classified as a variant of uncertain clinical significance (VUS).

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