ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001127644.2(GABRA1):c.1200del (p.Lys401fs) (rs879253748)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Institute of Human Genetics, FAU Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg RCV000234849 SCV000292033 pathogenic Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 19 2016-07-03 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The herewith reported de novo deletion of one base pair (c.1200del) in the last exon of GABRA1 is located downstream of the last splice junction and thus probably escapes nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. The variant is predicted to cause frameshifting and a premature translational stop codon (p.(Lys401Serfs*25)), changing or truncating the last 56 residues of the protein and thus lacking part of the intracellular loop between the last two transmembrane domains and the complete C-terminal transmembrane domain. In the literature, similar variants in GABRA1 and also in other GABA-A subunits have already been associated with disease. Functional studies for these variants could demonstrate a disrupted surface expression, hence leading to a change in subunit composition with reduction of GABA-A mediated inhibition resulting in a predisposition to seizures. Taken together the de novo status of the herewith identified GABRA1 variant c.1200del, the matching phenotype of the patient and the descriptions in the literature argue for the pathogenicity of this variant.

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