ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001159287.1(TPI1):c.426G>C (p.Glu142Asp) (rs121964845)

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Total submissions: 3
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory,Illumina RCV000013284 SCV000914600 pathogenic Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency 2018-12-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The TPI1 c.315G>C (p.Glu105Asp) missense variant, which is also referred to as p.Glu104Asp, is a well-known and common disease-associated variant, accounting for approximately 80% of clinical triosephosphate isomerase (TPI) deficiency. Across a selection of the available literature, the p.Glu105Asp variant was observed in 19 patients with TPI deficiency, including 13 homozygotes and six compound heterozygotes (Daar et al. 1986; Schneider et al. 1995; Arya et al. 1997; Linarello et al. 1998; Valentin et al. 2000; Yenicesu et al. 2000; Fermo et al. 2010; Sarper et al. 2013). Rodriguez-Almazan et al. (2008) demonstrated that the p.Glu105Asp variant results in instability of the TPI dimer and causes dissociation of the protein into inactive monomers, while De La Mora-De La Mora et al. (2013) showed that the p.Glu105Asp variant increases enzyme susceptibility to proteolysis. The highest allele frequency reported for this variant in the Exome Aggregation Consortium database is 0.000150 in the non-Finnish European population. Based on the collective evidence, the TPI1 p.Glu105Asp variant is classified as pathogenic for triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. This variant was observed by ICSL as part of a predisposition screen in an ostensibly healthy population.
Laboratory for Molecular Medicine,Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine RCV000013284 SCV000967685 pathogenic Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency 2018-12-17 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The p.Glu142Asp (also known as p.Glu105Asp or p.Glu104Asp) variant in TPI1 has b een reported in at least 10 homozygous and 4 compound heterozygous individuals w ith triosephosphate isomerase deficiency (Aissa 2014, Alabdullatif 2017, Arya 19 97, Daar 1986, Nolan 2016, Pekrun 1995, Sarper 2013, Valentin 2000). It has als o been identified in 0.015% (19/129206) of European chromosomes by gnomAD (http: //gnomad.broadinstitute.org). In vitro functional studies and computational pred iction tools support an impact on protein function (Daar 1986, Ralser 2006, De L a Mora-De La Mora 2013). In summary, this variant meets criteria to be classifie d as pathogenic for autosomal recessive triosephosphate isomerase deficiency. AC MG/AMP criteria applied: PM3_VeryStrong, PS3_Moderate, PM2_Supporting, PP3.
OMIM RCV000013284 SCV000033531 pathogenic Triosephosphate isomerase deficiency 2008-08-22 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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