ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001165963.4(SCN1A):c.3712G>C (p.Glu1238Gln) (rs750364705)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000228910 SCV000286281 uncertain significance Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 2016-05-31 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces glutamic acid with glutamine at codon 1238 of the SCN1A protein (p.Glu1238Gln). The glutamic acid residue is highly conserved and there is a small physicochemical difference between glutamic acid and glutamine. This variant is present in population databases (rs750364705, ExAC 0.01%) but has not been reported in the literature in individuals with a SCN1A-related disease. A different variant at this codon, c.3714A>C (p.Glu1238Asp), and two variants at the adjacent codon, c.3715G>T (p.D1239Y) and c.3716A>G (p.D1239G), have all been seen in individuals affected with epilepsy (PMID: 16713920, 17347258, 18930999), however the clinical significance of these variants is unknown. This variant is in the extracellular loop between segments 1 & 2 of the D3 domain in SCN1A, at a glutamic acid residue that is highly conserved across ion channel genes (PMID: 18804930, 22581653). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, PolyPhen-2, Align-GVGD) all suggest that this variant is likely to be disruptive, but these predictions have not been confirmed by published functional studies. In summary, this is a rare missense change with uncertain impact on protein function. There is no indication that this variant causes disease, but the evidence is insufficient at this time to prove that conclusively. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.

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