ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001165963.4(SCN1A):c.4061G>T (p.Cys1354Phe) (rs1057521537)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000474675 SCV000548762 pathogenic Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 2016-05-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces cysteine with phenylalanine at codon 1354 of the SCN1A protein (p.Cys1354Phe). The cysteine residue is highly conserved and there is a large physicochemical difference between cysteine and phenylalanine. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency) and has not been reported in the literature in individuals with a SCN1A-related disease, however, this variant has been shown to arise de novo in an individual affected with intractable epilepsy with focal seizures (Invitae database). A different variant at this codon, c.4061G>A (p.Cys1354Tyr) is reported in a patient with Dravet syndrome (PMID: 25459968). In addition, other variants adjacent to this codon, (p.Leu1352pro), (p.VAl1353Leu), (p.Leu1355Pro), and (p.Phe1357leu), have all been seen in individuals affected with epilepsy (PMID: 26096185, 11254444, 14738421, 23195492), however the clinical significance of these variants is unknown. This variant is in the intracellular region of segment 5 of the D3 domain in SCN1A, at a cysteine residue that is highly conserved across ion channel genes (PMID: 18804930, 22581653). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, PolyPhen-2, Align-GVGD) all suggest that this variant is likely to be disruptive, but these predictions have not been confirmed by published functional studies. For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.

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