ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001165963.4(SCN1A):c.4351C>G (p.Pro1451Ala)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV001219623 SCV001391571 pathogenic Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy 2019-06-05 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces proline with alanine at codon 1451 of the SCN1A protein (p.Pro1451Ala). The proline residue is highly conserved and there is a small physicochemical difference between proline and alanine. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has been observed to be de novo in an individual affected with SCN1A-related epileptic encephalopathy (Invitae). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, PolyPhen-2, Align-GVGD) all suggest that this variant is likely to be disruptive, but these predictions have not been confirmed by published functional studies and their clinical significance is uncertain. This variant disrupts the p.Pro1451 amino acid residue in SCN1A. Other variant(s) that disrupt this residue have been determined to be pathogenic (PMID: 17054684, Invitae). This suggests that this residue is clinically significant, and that variants that disrupt this residue are likely to be disease-causing. For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.

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