ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001165963.4(SCN1A):c.4427A>C (p.Asn1476Thr)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
LifeCell International Pvt. Ltd RCV001528178 SCV001739386 uncertain significance Severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing A heterozygous missense variant (c.4427A>C) in exon 26 of the SCN1A gene that results in the amino acid substitution from asparagine to threonine at codon 1476 (p.Asn1476Thr) was identified. The observed variant is not present in both the 1000 Genomes and gnomAD databases. In our internal database of 3100 samples, this variant has not been observed in any other sample. The reference base is conserved across the species, present in Ion transport protein domain of the protein and in-silico predictions by Polyphen and SIFT are damaging. The Missense Variants Z-Score for this variant is 5.61. Missense Variants Z-Score is produced by the Exome Aggregation Consortium (60,706 adult humans) by computing a signed Z score for the deviation of observed counts from the expected number. Positive Z scores indicate increased constraint (intolerance to variation) and therefore that the gene had fewer missense variants than expected. (DOI: 10.1038/nature19057). The Missense Badness Score and MPC value for this variant are 0.37 and 1.70, respectively. Missense Badness Score is the normalized fold difference of missense substitutions between observed and expected variants from ExAC dataset. This score is then combined with orthogonal deleteriousness metrics into one score called MPC (for Missense badness, PolyPhen-2, and Constraint) designed to classify whether a missense variants is deleterious. Variants with MPC ≥ 2 have a rate nearly 6 times higher in cases than in controls. While those with intermediate MPC values (1 ≤ MPC < 2) have a more modest excess in cases. Another missense variant, p.Asn1476Lys, affecting the same codon as the observed variant has been reported as Pathogenic in ClinVar with respect to epilepsy. The variant lies in a hot-spot region wherein 8 variants within 6 amino acid positions of this variant have been shown to be pathogenic. Based on the above evidence this variant has been classified as Variant of uncertain significance according to the ACMG guidelines

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