ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_001330078.2(NRXN1):c.3365-109977G>A (rs1057517946)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000413856 SCV000491149 uncertain significance not specified 2016-11-22 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The c.3 G>A variant in the NRXN1 gene has been reported previously as an inherited variant from a mother with major depression and socialization problems in an individual diagnosed with autism at three years of age with language delay. Three of the proband's five sisters also inherited the c.3 G>A variant, one was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa while the other two did not present with any psychiatric conditions (Camacho-Garcia et al., 2013). Sufficient data from control individuals in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project and Exome Aggregation Consortium data sets were not available to assess whether the c.3 G>A variant may be a common benign variant in the general population; however, this variant has not been detected previously in the internal database at GeneDx. As the c.3 G>A variant changes the translation initiator Methionine codon, the resultant protein is described as p.Met1?, using a question mark to signify that it is not known if the loss of Met1 means that all protein translation is completely prevented or if an abnormal protein is produced using an alternate Methionine. Function studies observed expression of neurexin-1vb, suggesting that translation was not abolished, but rather lead to a reduction of synaptic levels of neurexin-1vb. However, the effect of reduced synaptic levels was not investigated further (Camacho-Garcia et al., 2013). Therefore, we interpret c.3 G>A as a variant of uncertain significance.

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