ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_002693.2(POLG):c.2663G>A (p.Gly888Asp) (rs878854560)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000227514 SCV000287669 uncertain significance Progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy 2016-03-19 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces glycine with aspartic acid at codon 888 of the POLG protein (p.Gly888Asp). The glycine residue is highly conserved and there is a moderate physicochemical difference between glycine and aspartic acid. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has been reported in combination with a pathogenic variant in an individual affected with a POLG-related disease (PMID: 21880868). Algorithms developed to predict the effect of missense changes on protein structure and function (SIFT, PolyPhen-2, Align-GVGD) all suggest that this variant is likely to be disruptive, but these predictions have not been confirmed by published functional studies. In summary, this variant is a rare missense change with uncertain impact on protein function. While it is absent from the population and reported in affected individuals, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine its role in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.
Wong Mito Lab, Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine RCV000227514 SCV000886975 pathogenic Progressive sclerosing poliodystrophy 2018-10-01 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The NM_002693.2:c.2663G>A (NP_002684.1:p.Gly888Asp) [GRCH38: NC_000015.10:g.89321196C>T] variant in POLG gene is interpretated to be a Pathogenic based on ACMG guidelines (PMID: 25741868). This variant meets the following evidence codes reported in the ACMG-guideline. PS1:This variation causes same amino-acid change as an established pathogenic variant. PM1:This variant is in mutational hot spot or a well-studied functional domain without benign variation. PM2:This variant is absent in key population databases. PM3:Detected in trans with a pathogenic variant for Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type) which is a recessive disorder. PP1:This variant is co-segregated with Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 4A (Alpers type) in multiple affected family members. PP2:This is a missense variant in POLG with a low rate of benign and high rate of pathogenic missense variations. PP3:Computational evidence/predictors indicate the variant has deleterious effect on POLG structure, function, or protein-protein interaction. PP4:Patient's phenotype or family history is highly specific for POLG. Based on the evidence criteria codes applied, the variant is suggested to be Pathogenic.

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