ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_003000.3(SDHB):c.440A>G (p.Tyr147Cys)

gnomAD frequency: 0.00010  dbSNP: rs774568101
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Total submissions: 8
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Invitae RCV000469133 SCV000554000 uncertain significance Gastrointestinal stromal tumor; Paragangliomas 4; Pheochromocytoma 2024-01-16 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces tyrosine, which is neutral and polar, with cysteine, which is neutral and slightly polar, at codon 147 of the SDHB protein (p.Tyr147Cys). This variant is present in population databases (rs774568101, gnomAD 0.04%). This missense change has been observed in individual(s) with clinical features of SDHB-related conditions (PMID: 28229225, 34309460; Invitae). ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 412466). Advanced modeling of protein sequence and biophysical properties (such as structural, functional, and spatial information, amino acid conservation, physicochemical variation, residue mobility, and thermodynamic stability) performed at Invitae indicates that this missense variant is expected to disrupt SDHB protein function with a positive predictive value of 80%. Experimental studies have shown that this missense change affects SDHB function (PMID: 28229225). In summary, the available evidence is currently insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease. Therefore, it has been classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.
Ambry Genetics RCV000492611 SCV000581187 likely benign Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2021-09-21 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This alteration is classified as likely benign based on a combination of the following: seen in unaffected individuals, population frequency, intact protein function, lack of segregation with disease, co-occurrence, RNA analysis, in silico models, amino acid conservation, lack of disease association in case-control studies, and/or the mechanism of disease or impacted region is inconsistent with a known cause of pathogenicity.
Mendelics RCV000708786 SCV000837735 uncertain significance Cowden syndrome 2018-07-02 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Baylor Genetics RCV001294088 SCV001482894 uncertain significance Pheochromocytoma 2019-08-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant was determined to be of uncertain significance according to ACMG Guidelines, 2015 [PMID:25741868].
GeneDx RCV001755709 SCV002005149 uncertain significance not provided 2023-05-26 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing In silico analysis supports that this missense variant has a deleterious effect on protein structure/function; Published functional studies demonstrate that this variant may disrupt SDH cellular compartmentalization (Maignan et al., 2017); Observed in individuals with pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma (Maignan et al., 2017; Garrett et al., 2022); This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 28229225, 34426522, 34906457)
Women's Health and Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America, LabCorp RCV002282162 SCV002570738 uncertain significance not specified 2023-08-15 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant summary: SDHB c.440A>G (p.Tyr147Cys) results in a non-conservative amino acid change located in the Succinate dehydogenase/fumarate reductase N-terminal domain (IPR025192) of the encoded protein sequence. Five of five in-silico tools predict a damaging effect of the variant on protein function. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 0.0001 in 251178 control chromosomes in the gnomAD database, including 1 homozygotes. The observed variant frequency is approximately 473 fold of the estimated maximal expected allele frequency for a pathogenic variant in SDHB causing Hereditary Paraganglioma-Pheochromocytoma Syndrome phenotype (2.2e-07), strongly suggesting that the variant is benign. c.440A>G has been reported in the literature in cohorts of individuals affected with Pheochromocytoma and as a VUS in settings of multigene panel testing among individuals with Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) (example, Maignan_2017, Pipitprapat_2021) and one report published a REVEL score of 0.87 for this variant (Garrett_2022). These report(s) do not provide unequivocal conclusions about association of the variant with Hereditary Paraganglioma-Pheochromocytoma Syndrome. The following publications have been ascertained in the context of this evaluation (PMID: 28229225, 34309460, 34906457). Five submitters have cited clinical-significance assessments for this variant to ClinVar after 2014 and classified the variant as VUS (n=4) or likely benign (n=1). Based on the evidence outlined above, the variant was classified as VUS-possibly benign.
All of Us Research Program, National Institutes of Health RCV004001997 SCV004815293 uncertain significance Hereditary pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma 2023-11-20 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This missense variant replaces tyrosine with cysteine at codon 147 of the SDHB protein. Computational prediction suggests that this variant may have deleterious impact on protein structure and function (internally defined REVEL score threshold >= 0.7, PMID: 27666373). An experimental functional study have shown that this variant results in decreased SDHB mitochondrial membrane localization, and reduced SDH activity (PMID: 28229225). This variant has been reported in individuals affected with paraganglioma (PGL) or pheochromocytoma (PCC) in the literature (PMID: 28229225, 34309460, 34906457). This variant has been identified in 26/251178 chromosomes in the general population by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). The available evidence is insufficient to determine the role of this variant in disease conclusively. Therefore, this variant is classified as a Variant of Uncertain Significance.
Baylor Genetics RCV004568126 SCV005056643 uncertain significance Gastrointestinal stromal tumor 2023-12-24 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing

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