ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_003002.4(SDHD):c.340T>G (p.Tyr114Asp)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics,ARUP Laboratories RCV001284947 SCV001471048 likely pathogenic none provided 2019-12-23 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The SDHD c.340T>G; p.Tyr114Asp variant, to our knowledge, is not reported in the medical literature or gene specific databases. This variant is also absent from general population databases (Exome Variant Server, Genome Aggregation Database), indicating it is not a common polymorphism. The tyrosine at codon 114 is highly conserved, and computational analyses (SIFT, PolyPhen-2) predict that this variant is deleterious. Additionally, a different variant at this codon (Tyr114Cys) is reported in multiple individuals and families affected with pheochromocytoma or paraganlioma (Andrews 2018, Antonello 2008, Benn 2006, Braun 2005, Fish 2007, Milunsky 2001, Neumann 2004, Piccini 2012, Richter 2019), and is a common variant in Italy due to a founder effect (Schiavi 2012). Functional analyses in yeast demonstrate that the Tyr114 residue (Tyr89 in yeast) is essential for ubiquinone reductase activity (Silkin 2007). Based on available information, the p.Tyr114Asp variant is considered to be likely pathogenic. REFERENCES Andrews KA et al. Tumour risks and genotype-phenotype correlations associated with germline variants in succinate dehydrogenase subunit genes SDHB, SDHC and SDHD. J Med Genet. 2018 Jun;55(6):384-394. Antonello M et al. Role of the genetic study in the management of carotid body tumor in paraganglioma syndrome. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2008 Nov;36(5):517-9. Benn DE et al. Clinical presentation and penetrance of pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma syndromes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Mar;91(3):827-36. Braun S et al. Active succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and lack of SDHD mutations in sporadic paragangliomas. Anticancer Res. 2005 Jul-Aug;25(4):2809-14. Fish JH et al. Systematic screening and treatment evaluation of hereditary neck paragangliomas. Head Neck. 2007 Sep;29(9):864-73. Milunsky JM et al. Novel mutations and the emergence of a common mutation in the SDHD gene causing familial paraganglioma. Am J Med Genet. 2001 May 15;100(4):311-4. Neumann HP et al. Distinct clinical features of paraganglioma syndromes associated with SDHB and SDHD gene mutations. JAMA. 2004 Aug 25;292(8):943-51. Piccini V et al. Head and neck paragangliomas: genetic spectrum and clinical variability in 79 consecutive patients. Endocr Relat Cancer. 2012 Apr 10;19(2):149-55. Richter S et al. Metabolome-guided genomics to identify pathogenic variants in isocitrate dehydrogenase, fumarate hydratase, and succinate dehydrogenase genes in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma. Genet Med. 2019 Mar;21(3):705-717. Schiavi F et al. The endemic paraganglioma syndrome type 1: origin, spread, and clinical expression. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Apr;97(4):E637-41. Silkin Y et al. The role of Sdh4p Tyr-89 in ubiquinone reduction by the Saccharomyces cerevisiae succinate dehydrogenase. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 Feb;1767(2):143-50.

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