ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_004004.6(GJB2):c.526A>G (p.Asn176Asp) (rs781767722)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Uitto Lab,Thomas Jefferson University RCV000766235 SCV000839870 pathogenic IFAP syndrome with or without BRESHECK syndrome 2018-08-02 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Ichthyosis follicularis, a distinct cutaneous entity reported in combination with atrichia, and photophobia has been associated with mutations in MBTPS2. We sought the genetic cause of a novel syndrome of ichthyosis follicularis, bilateral severe sensorineural hearing loss and punctate palmoplantar keratoderma in two families. We performed whole exome sequencing on three patients from two families. The pathogenicity and consequences of mutations were studied in Xenopus oocyte expression system and by molecular dynamics simulation analysis. Compound heterozygous mutations in the GJB2 gene were discovered: a pathogenic c.526A>G; p.Asn176Asp, and a common frameshift mutation, c.35delG; p.Gly12ValfsTer2. The p.Asn176Asp mutation was demonstrated to significantly reduce the cell-cell gap junction channel activity and increase the non-junctional hemichannel activity in the Xenopus oocyte expression system. Molecular dynamics simulation analyses of the mutant Cx26 protein revealed significant changes in the structural characteristics and electrostatic potential of the Cx26, either in hemichannel or gap junction conformation. Thus, associate a new entity of an autosomal recessive disorder of ichthyosis follicularis, bilateral severe sensorineural hearing loss and punctate palmoplantar keratoderma with mutations in GJB2, expanding the phenotypic spectrum of the GJB2-associated disorders. The findings attest to the complexity of the clinical consequences of different mutations in GJB2.

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