ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_005359.5(SMAD4):c.970T>C (p.Cys324Arg) (rs377767339)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000236187 SCV000293526 uncertain significance not provided 2015-12-02 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant is denoted SMAD4 c.970T>C at the cDNA level, p.Cys324Arg (C324R) at the protein level, and results in the change of a Cysteine to an Arginine (TGT>CGT). This variant was observed in an individual with juvenile polyposis and reported to also be present in an affected family member (van Hattem 2008). Immunohistochemistry studies of juvenile polyps from these same individuals demonstrated both normal and reduced SMAD4 protein expression, with the polyps demonstrating reduced expression also found to have loss of heterozygosity at the SMAD4 gene locus (Langeveld 2010). SMAD4 Cys324Arg was not observed in approximately 6,500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, suggesting it is not a common benign variant in these populations. Since Cysteine and Arginine differ in polarity, charge, size or other properties, this is considered a non-conservative amino acid substitution. SMAD4 Cys324Arg occurs at a position that is conserved across species and is located in the MH2 domain (UniProt). In silico analyses predict that this variant is probably damaging to protein structure and function. Based on currently available evidence, it is unclear whether SMAD4 Cys324Arg is pathogenic or benign. We consider it to be a variant of uncertain significance.
Research and Development, ARUP Laboratories RCV000021699 SCV000042365 pathogenic Juvenile polyposis syndrome 2012-12-04 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing Converted during submission to Pathogenic.

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