ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_005633.4(SOS1):c.1322G>A (p.Cys441Tyr) (rs727504295)

Minimum review status: Collection method:
Minimum conflict level:
ClinVar version:
Total submissions: 4
Download table as spreadsheet
Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Laboratory for Molecular Medicine, Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine RCV000154314 SCV000203975 pathogenic Noonan syndrome 2017-03-20 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The p.Cys441Tyr variant in SOS1 has been previously identified in six individual s with clinical features of Noonan syndrome, including two confirmed de novo occ urrence (Tartaglia 2007, Zenker 2007, Lepri 2011, Korean Mutation Database, LMM data). This variant has not been identified in large population studies. In summ ary, this variant meets criteria to be classified as pathogenic for autosomal do minant Noonan spectrum disorder based on presence in multiple affected individua ls including de novo occurrences.
GeneDx RCV000159166 SCV000209111 pathogenic not provided 2021-09-15 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Observed in many individuals in published literature with an SOS1-related disorder (Zenker et al., 2007; Pierpont et al., 2010; Lepri et al., 2011; Clinton et al., 2019; Shoji et al., 2019); Not observed at significant frequency in large population cohorts (Lek et al., 2016); Missense variants in this gene are often considered pathogenic (Stenson et al., 2014); In silico analysis supports that this missense variant has a deleterious effect on protein structure/function; Published functional studies demonstrate normal to increased SOS1 activity (Gureasko et al., 2010, Smith et al., 2013); This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 17143282, 24803665, 30417923, 31292302, 31560489, 19077116, 23487764, 17586837, 20186801, 12628188, 21387466, 29493581, 20648242, 20133692)
Invitae RCV000534974 SCV000659127 pathogenic Rasopathy 2020-08-06 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces cysteine with tyrosine at codon 441 of the SOS1 protein (p.Cys441Tyr). The cysteine residue is highly conserved and there is a large physicochemical difference between cysteine and tyrosine. This variant is not present in population databases (ExAC no frequency). This variant has been reported in many individuals affected with Noonan syndrome, including multiple de novo observations (PMID: 20186801, 21387466, 19077116, 17586837, 19020799 17143282, 17586837). ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 40673). Experimental studies have shown that this missense change induces ERK activation similar to wild type, but increases SOS1 activity in a PIP2-dependent manner (PMID: 23487764, 20133692). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.
ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics, ARUP Laboratories RCV001289609 SCV001477572 pathogenic none provided 2019-11-19 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The SOS1 c.1322G>A; p.Cys441Tyr variant (rs727504295) is reported in the literature in multiple individuals affected with Noonan syndrome (Bessis 2019, Ko 2008, Lepri 2011, Pierpont 2010, Tartaglia 2007, Zenker 2007). In at least one affected individual, the variant was not observed in either parent, suggesting a de novo origin (Tartaglia 2007). This variant is absent from general population databases (Exome Variant Server, Genome Aggregation Database), indicating it is not a common polymorphism. The cysteine at amino acid 441 is highly conserved, and while functional studies indicate wildtype activation of pERK (Smith 2013), the variant also exhibits increased PIP2-dependent nucleotide exchange rates (Gureasko 2010). Additionally, other amino acid substitutions at nearby codons (p.Glu433Lys, p.Gly434Arg, p.Ile437Thr) have been reported in individuals with Noonan syndrome and are considered disease-causing (Lepri 2011, Tartaglia 2007, Zenker 2007), suggesting this region is functionally important. Based on available information, the p.Cys441Tyr variant is considered to be pathogenic. References: Bessis et al. Dermatological manifestations in Noonan syndrome: a prospective multicentric study of 129 patients positive for mutation. Br J Dermatol. 2019 Jun;180(6):1438-1448. Gureasko J et al. Role of the histone domain in the autoinhibition and activation of the Ras activator Son of Sevenless. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Feb 23;107(8):3430-5. Ko JM et al. PTPN11, SOS1, KRAS, and RAF1 gene analysis, and genotype-phenotype correlation in Korean patients with Noonan syndrome. J Hum Genet. 2008;53(11-12):999-1006. Lepri F et al. SOS1 mutations in Noonan syndrome: molecular spectrum, structural insights on pathogenic effects, and genotype-phenotype correlations. Hum Mutat. 2011 Jul;32(7):760-72. Pierpont EI et al. Effects of germline mutations in the Ras/MAPK signaling pathway on adaptive behavior: cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome and Noonan syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2010 Mar;152A(3):591-600. Smith et al. NMR-based functional profiling of RASopathies and oncogenic RAS mutations. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013 Mar 19;110(12):4574-9. Tartaglia et al. Gain-of-function SOS1 mutations cause a distinctive form of Noonan syndrome. Nat Genet. 2007 Jan;39(1):75-9. Zenker M et al. SOS1 is the second most common Noonan gene but plays no major role in cardio-facio-cutaneous syndrome. J Med Genet. 2007 Oct;44(10):651-6.

The information on this website is not intended for direct diagnostic use or medical decision-making without review by a genetics professional. Individuals should not change their health behavior solely on the basis of information contained on this website. Neither the University of Utah nor the National Institutes of Health independently verfies the submitted information. If you have questions about the information contained on this website, please see a health care professional.