ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_006767.4(LZTR1):c.321-2del

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Ambry Genetics RCV002324612 SCV002610721 pathogenic Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome; Cardiovascular phenotype 2023-02-01 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The c.321-2delA intronic pathogenic mutation, located in intron 3 of the LZTR1 gene, results from a deletion of one nucleotide within intron 3 of the LZTR1 gene. This mutation has been detected in multiple individuals with schwannomatosis (Hutter S et al. Acta Neuropathol, 2014 Sep;128:449-52; Ambry internal data). In silico splice site analysis predicts that this alteration will weaken the native splice acceptor site. RNA analysis of a schwannoma revealed that this variant results in a marked increase in exon skipping, leading to out-of-frame transcript (Hutter S et al. Acta Neuropathol, 2014 Sep;128:449-52). This variant is considered to be rare based on population cohorts in the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Based on the supporting evidence, this variant is pathogenic for an increased risk of LZTR1-related schwannomatosis (SWN) and would be expected to cause autosomal recessive Noonan syndrome when present along with a second pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant on the other allele; however, the association of this alteration with autosomal dominant Noonan syndrome is unlikely.
Invitae RCV003660925 SCV004373679 likely pathogenic not provided 2023-05-26 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing In summary, the currently available evidence indicates that the variant is pathogenic, but additional data are needed to prove that conclusively. Therefore, this variant has been classified as Likely Pathogenic. Algorithms developed to predict the effect of sequence changes on RNA splicing suggest that this variant may disrupt the consensus splice site. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 1728959). This variant has not been reported in the literature in individuals affected with LZTR1-related conditions. This variant is not present in population databases (gnomAD no frequency). This sequence change affects a splice site in intron 3 of the LZTR1 gene. It is expected to disrupt RNA splicing. Variants that disrupt the donor or acceptor splice site typically lead to a loss of protein function (PMID: 16199547), and loss-of-function variants in LZTR1 are known to be pathogenic (PMID: 24362817, 25335493, 25480913, 25795793, 29469822, 30368668, 30442762, 30442766, 30481304, 30859559).

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