ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_007298.3(BRCA1):c.788-1561del (rs730881439)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Evidence-based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles (ENIGMA) RCV000241222 SCV000299859 pathogenic Breast-ovarian cancer, familial 1 2016-09-08 reviewed by expert panel curation Variant allele predicted to encode a truncated non-functional protein.
GeneDx RCV000159843 SCV000209883 pathogenic Familial cancer of breast 2014-10-07 no assertion criteria provided clinical testing This deletion of one nucleotide in BRCA1 is denoted c.2938delA at the cDNA level and p.Ile980TyrfsX20 (I980YfsX20) at the protein level. The normal sequence, with the bases that are deleted in brackets, is TCGT{A}TACC. The deletion causes a frameshift, which changes an Isoleucine to a Tyrosine at codon 980 in exon 10, and creates a premature stop codon at position 20 of the new reading frame. This mutation is also known as BRCA1 c.2938del or 3057delA using alternate nomenclature. Although this mutation has not, to our knowledge, been reported in the literature, it is predicted to cause loss of normal protein function through either protein truncation or nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. We consider this mutation to be pathogenic. and is indicative of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC), an autosomal dominant condition that predisposes to early onset breast cancer, ovarian and fallopian tube cancer, as well as other cancers. Breast and ovarian cancer are the predominant BRCA1-related cancers that unaffected female mutation carriers are at risk to develop. The lifetime risk for breast cancer is estimated to be 57 to 84% and the lifetime risk for ovarian cancer is estimated to be 24 to 54% (Antoniou 2003, Chen 2007, Ford 1998). BRCA1 mutations have also been reported in women with fallopian tube carcinoma, primary peritoneal carcinoma, and uterine serous carcinoma (Levine 2003, Pennington 2013). Graeser et al. (2009) found that women who harbor a pathogenic BRCA1 mutation have an increased risk for contralateral breast cancer that is dependent on age at initial diagnosis. It is estimated that the risk to develop a second breast cancer within 10 years of the first diagnosis if initially diagnosed less than age 40 years of age is 31%, between the ages of 40 and 50 is 11% and after the age of 50 is 8%. Additionally, it is estimated that the risk to develop a second breast cancer within 25 years of their first diagnosis if initially diagnosed less than age 40 years of age is 63%, between the ages of 40 and 50 is 44% and after the age of 50 is 20%. Other cancer risks associated with a BRCA1 pathogenic variant include approximately a 20% risk for prostate cancer in male carriers (Thompson 2002), a 4% risk for male breast cancer (Liede 2004), and an estimated 1 to 3% risk for pancreatic cancer in both men and women (Brose 2002, Thompson 2002);The variant is found in BRCA1 panel(s).

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