ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_014000.2(VCL):c.2005C>T (p.Arg669Ter) (rs780856981)

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Total submissions: 1
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000414701 SCV000492218 uncertain significance not specified 2016-11-29 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing A variant of uncertain significance has been identified in the VCL gene. The R669X variant has not been published as a pathogenic variant, nor has it been reported as a benign variant to our knowledge. The R669X variant was not observed in approximately 6,500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. This variant is predicted to cause loss of normal protein function either by protein truncation or nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. However, no nonsense variants in the VCL gene have been reported in the Human Gene Mutation Database to be definitively associated with cardiomyopathy (Stenson et al., 2014), suggesting that loss of function may not be a disease mechanism for the VCL gene. While heterozygous VCL knockout mice (VCL+/-) are viable and lack gross cardiac abnormalities, they appear to be predisposed to cardiac failure when challenged with increased hemodynamic loading, as assessed by transverse aortic constriction (Zemljic-Harpf et al., 2004). Furthermore, cardiomyocyte membrane cortical stiffness was significantly decreased in mice with cardiomyocyte-specific inactivation of one VCL allele, and normal membrane stiffness was rescued when vinculin expression was restored (Tangney et al., 2013). Nevertheless, the role of these phenomena in the development of cardiomyopathy in humans is unclear.Therefore, based on the currently available information, it is unclear whether this variant is pathogenic or rare benign.

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