ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_015046.7(SETX):c.994C>T (p.Arg332Trp) (rs29001665)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
GeneDx RCV000269785 SCV000329749 pathogenic not provided 2016-01-26 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The R332W variant in the SETX gene has been reported previously in the compound heterozygous state, opposite of a second frameshift variant, in 2 siblings with cerebellar atrophy, elevated AFP and late childhood/early adult onset ocular apraxia and sensory motor neuropathy (Moreira et al., 2004). Roda et al. (2014) reported a Columbian female with severe cerebellar atrophy, elevated AFP and young adult onset of progressive sensory motor neuropathy, ataxia, muscle weakness and ocular apraxia who harbored the R332W variant with a second frameshift variant, assumed on the opposite SETX allele. The R332W variant was not observed in approximately 6500 individuals of European and African American ancestry in the NHLBI Exome Sequencing Project, indicating it is not a common benign variant in these populations. The R332W variant is a non-conservative amino acid substitution, which is likely to impact secondary protein structure as these residues differ in polarity, charge, size and/or other properties. This substitution occurs at a position that is conserved across species. In silico analysis predicts this variant is probably damaging to the protein structure/function. Missense variants in nearby residues (E327V, I331K) have been reported in the Human Gene Mutation Database in association with SETX-related disorders (Stenson et al., 2014), supporting the functional importance of this region of the protein. Therefore, we interpret R332W as a pathogenic variant.
OMIM RCV000002378 SCV000022536 pathogenic Spinocerebellar ataxia, autosomal recessive, with axonal neuropathy 2 2004-03-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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