ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_031407.7(HUWE1):c.145-2A>G (rs1569509136)

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Total submissions: 2
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Institute of Bioinformatics RCV000757996 SCV000882449 likely pathogenic Trigonocephaly-short stature-developmental delay syndrome criteria provided, single submitter case-control To study the effect of the mutation in splicing and X-chromosome inactivation in carrier females, we collected fresh blood samples and obtained total RNA from the patients, unaffected sister and parents and reverse transcription PCR was performed. An agarose gel run on the RT-PCR products resulted in a single band consistently in all samples which shows that there is no exon skipping that was suspected due to splice site mutation. Further, Sanger sequencing of the RT-PCR products was carried out which showed a deletion of 6 nucleotides in exon 6 consistently in both the patients and no deletion was found in father, mother and unaffected sister. This shows that the wild type splice site became defunct due to mutation and an alternate cryptic splice site in exon 6 has been obtained which caused the six nucleotide deletion in exon 6. The alternate splice site in the exonic region caused a deletion of six nucleotides leading to an in-frame deletion of two amino acids in the N-terminus of HUWE1 (p.Cys49-Glu50del). The sequencing data of father, mother and unaffected sister did not show any change in the sequences as compared to wild type. This shows that, the unaffected carrier mother expressed the wild type X-chromosome and the mutant X-chromosome is inactivated. Conservation analysis of this deletion mutation across orthologous species showed high conservation around the mutation p.(Cys49-Glu50del). As predicted by ExAC intolerance score and knockout studies in literature, the HUWE1 splice site mutation observed in the patients did not cause complete loss of HUWE1, rather resulted in a deletion of two amino acids that may potentially associated with the phenotypes observed in the patients.
OMIM RCV000770794 SCV000902282 pathogenic Syndromic X-linked intellectual disability Turner type 2021-08-20 no assertion criteria provided literature only

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