ClinVar Miner

Submissions for variant NM_058216.3(RAD51C):c.773G>A (p.Arg258His)

gnomAD frequency: 0.00002  dbSNP: rs267606997
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Total submissions: 11
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Submitter RCV SCV Clinical significance Condition Last evaluated Review status Method Comment
Ambry Genetics RCV000131703 SCV000186741 likely pathogenic Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2023-09-01 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing The p.R258H variant (also known as c.773G>A), located in coding exon 5 of the RAD51C gene, results from a G to A substitution at nucleotide position 773. The arginine at codon 258 is replaced by histidine, an amino acid with highly similar properties. In one Pakistani family, two siblings affected with Fanconi anemia-like disorder were both homozygous for this alteration, while their consanguineous parents were both heterozygous for this alteration and an unaffected sibling was homozygous for the wild type allele (Vaz F et al. Nat. Genet. 2010 May; 42(5):406-9). Multiple functional studies on this alteration have demonstrated impaired protein function, with some evidence suggesting it is a hypomorphic mutant as some residual RAD51C function may be reserved (Vaz F et al. Nat. Genet. 2010 May; 42(5):406-9; Somyajit K et al. Carcinogenesis. 2010 Dec; 31(12):2031-8; Somyajit K et al. J. Biol. Chem. 2012 Jan; 287(5):3366-80;Park JY et al. Oncogene, 2014 Oct;33:4803-12). This alteration has also been reported in cohorts of individuals with increased risk of hereditary breast and/or ovarian cancer (Jønson L et al. Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 2016 Jan; 155(2):215-22; Nguyen-Dumont T et al. Int J Cancer, 2020 10;147:2142-2149; Shao D et al. Cancer Sci, 2020 Feb;111:647-657; Subramanian DN et al. Nat Commun, 2020 04;11:1640). This amino acid position is highly conserved in available vertebrate species. In addition, this alteration is predicted to be deleterious by in silico analysis. Based on the majority of available evidence to date, this variant is likely to be pathogenic.
Invitae RCV000007224 SCV000550214 pathogenic Fanconi anemia complementation group O 2024-01-19 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This sequence change replaces arginine, which is basic and polar, with histidine, which is basic and polar, at codon 258 of the RAD51C protein (p.Arg258His). This variant is present in population databases (rs267606997, gnomAD 0.003%). This missense change has been observed in individuals with breast and/or ovarian cancer and features of Fanconi anemia (PMID: 20400963, 25154786, 26740214, 32054657, 32242007). It has also been observed to segregate with disease in related individuals. ClinVar contains an entry for this variant (Variation ID: 6822). Advanced modeling of protein sequence and biophysical properties (such as structural, functional, and spatial information, amino acid conservation, physicochemical variation, residue mobility, and thermodynamic stability) performed at Invitae indicates that this missense variant is expected to disrupt RAD51C protein function with a positive predictive value of 80%. Experimental studies have shown that this missense change affects RAD51C function (PMID: 20400963, 22167183, 26354865). For these reasons, this variant has been classified as Pathogenic.
Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute San Juan Capistrano RCV000506412 SCV000602145 likely pathogenic not provided 2017-07-21 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Color Diagnostics, LLC DBA Color Health RCV000131703 SCV000686387 likely pathogenic Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 2020-09-14 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This missense variant replaces arginine with histidine at codon 258 in the RAD51B/RAD51D/ XRCC3 interacting domain of the RAD51C protein. Computational prediction tool suggests that this variant may not impact protein structure and function (internally defined REVEL score threshold <=0.5, PMID: 27666373). Functional studies have shown that the mutant protein shows a reduced DNA damage response (PMID: 20400963, 22167183) and reduced ability to bind to other proteins involved in DNA repair (PMID 22167183, 24141787). This variant has been reported in homozygosity in two pediatric siblings and an adult individual showing features of Fanconi anemia (PMID: 20400963, 32054657). This variant has also been observed in an individual affected with familial ovarian cancer (PMID: 32242007) and breast and/or ovarian cancer (PMID: 26740214), as well as in an unaffected individual (PMID 25154786). This variant has been identified in 4/251428 chromosomes in the general population by the Genome Aggregation Database (gnomAD). Based on the available evidence, this variant is classified as Likely Pathogenic.
Mendelics RCV000007224 SCV001140720 likely pathogenic Fanconi anemia complementation group O 2019-05-28 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
Women's Health and Genetics/Laboratory Corporation of America, LabCorp RCV001194260 SCV001363651 pathogenic Hereditary breast ovarian cancer syndrome 2019-11-05 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Variant summary: RAD51C c.773G>A (p.Arg258His) results in a non-conservative amino acid change located in the DNA recombination and repair protein Rad51-like, C-terminal (IPR013632) of the encoded protein sequence. Five of five in-silico tools predict a damaging effect of the variant on protein function. The variant allele was found at a frequency of 1.6e-05 in 251428 control chromosomes (gnomAD). c.773G>A has been reported in the literature as a biallelic mutation in multiple individuals from a family affected with Fanconi-anemia-like disorder (Vaz_2010). The variant has also been reported in at least one patient with breast cancer family history, although this patient also had a co-occurring mutation in BRCA2 that was predicted by the authors to be pathogenic (Ahlborn_2014, Jonson_2016). These data indicate that the variant is likely to be associated with disease. Several publications report experimental evidence evaluating an impact on protein function. Cells expressing the variant protein were shown to have decreased formation of RAD51 foci in response to DNA damage (Vaz_2010), a reduction in binding to other proteins in a complex with BRCA2, PALB2, and RAD51 (Park_2014) and impaired replication fork maintenance (Somyajit_2015). Collectively, these data indicate that the variant results in an impaired ability to repair DNA damage. Four clinical diagnostic laboratories have submitted clinical-significance assessments for this variant to ClinVar after 2014 without evidence for independent evaluation. All laboratories cited the variant as likely pathogenic. Based on the evidence outlined above, the variant was classified as pathogenic.
GeneDx RCV000506412 SCV001871246 likely pathogenic not provided 2022-03-15 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing Published functional studies suggest a damaging effect: failure to protect replication forks, moderately suppressed G2/M accumulation, partial loss of homologous recombination activity and DNA interstrand cross-link repair, reduced RAD51 foci formation, and decreased binding to BRCA2, PALB2, and RAD51 (Somyajit 2012, Park 2014, Somyajit 2015); In silico analysis supports that this missense variant has a deleterious effect on protein structure/function; Observed in individuals with ovarian cancer (Subramanian 2020); Not observed at significant frequency in large population cohorts (gnomAD); This variant is associated with the following publications: (PMID: 26103414, 20400964, 25833843, 20952512, 21821141, 22167183, 26354865, 20400963, 27037238, 20428093, 26740214, 29278735, 25154786, 29922827, 22451500, 24141787, 28152038, 31589614, 31742824, 32338768, 32090079, 33015624, 32054657, 34910513, 32242007, 30551670, 14704354, 25292178, 35039523)
Myriad Genetics, Inc. RCV003315500 SCV004020273 likely pathogenic Breast-ovarian cancer, familial, susceptibility to, 3 2023-03-10 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing This variant is considered likely pathogenic. This variant has been reported in multiple individuals with clinical features of gene-specific disease [PMID: 20400963, 32054657]. Functional studies indicate this variant impacts protein function [PMID: 20400963, 36099300, 22167183, 26354865, 24141787].
Baylor Genetics RCV003315500 SCV004208003 likely pathogenic Breast-ovarian cancer, familial, susceptibility to, 3 2024-02-22 criteria provided, single submitter clinical testing
OMIM RCV000007224 SCV000027420 pathogenic Fanconi anemia complementation group O 2010-05-01 no assertion criteria provided literature only
Leiden Open Variation Database RCV000007224 SCV001365274 pathogenic Fanconi anemia complementation group O 2010-08-11 no assertion criteria provided curation Curator: Arleen D. Auerbach. Submitter to LOVD: Arleen D. Auerbach.

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